Even though these amendments were introduced by James Madison in 1789 to the First United States Congress, it came into exist with effect only 1791 onwards only. Earlier majority of the states hesitated to accept these amendments which caused the delay. But three fourths of the states accepted it in 1791 and bill of rights became the part of US constitution from then onwards. Even though James Madison was the architect of these amendments, the contributions from other prominent personalities like Thomas Jefferson helped Madison immensely in attaching these amendments to the US constitution
These ten amendments or Bill of rights protects basic rights of American citizens in many ways. It ensures free speech, free press, free assembly and association etc. It prohibits federal government from infringing into the human right issues such as liberty, equality and freedom of expression. It also prevented the Congress from making any controversial law which may affect the religious freedom enjoyed by the American people. It also ensures speedy and impartial trial and court procedures in public offense cases. In a true democratic state, the public should hold the power instead of the government and Bill of rights was an attempt to give more power to the public which earlier enjoyed by the governments. This paper briefly analyses only the fourth, fifth and sixth amendments
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized2.
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the public against illegal or unreasonable searches and seizures. Earlier, law enforcement agencies misused their power in many ways to take revenge upon their