he paper will have an introduction with a brief description of the topic, the research methods used, the outcome of the research, conclusions and the recommendations made. In particular, this paper explores how the understanding of theories on motivation can aid managers in increasing the employee performance if implemented doable and practical applications aiming at increasing employee motivation. The creation of a motivational workplace engaging in non-demotivating practices; the development of a managerial approach that is motivational in nature and promotes satisfaction and performance; and the institution of equitable reward policies providing real and attainable incentives to the employees based on a well understanding of the motivational theories will help in bringing the motivation theories into the realm of practicality.
Motivation is a key component in the work behavior. It can be defined as the force driving the employees’ behavior at the work place. It is the reasons behind an employees’ stake of carrying out a certain task and involves both emotions (feelings) and cognition (thinking) aspects. Motivation is a key factor contributing to performance levels of the employees at the work place (Mwita, 10). There are three aspects of motivation namely; direction, what is the behavior and level of accomplishments of the employees; effort, what level of psychological or physical capacity is an employee devoting to the behavior; and persistence, for how long can an employee maintain the direction and efforts.
However, it should be noted that the employee’s motivation does not dictate all the behavior. The ability of an employee and resources available to the person among other factors contribute to the person’s behavior. Successful work performance by employees results from different motivational factors. Performance and incentives management some work behaviors aspects more than others. In dealing with motivation and performance it is wise to