rket in Indonesia as Australia remains the leading exporter to Indonesia for products such beef and other types of meat, milk and other dairy products.
USDA Foreign Agriculture Service 2009 states that Indonesia’s domestic production of milk only meets 25% of the demand, hence Australia exports milk and dairy products into Indonesia valued at $170 million (USDA Foreign Agriculture Service 2009). Consumption in the Indonesian market is dominated by ready-to-drink milk, powdered milk and sweetened condensed milk with each taking up near equal shares of the market.
Generally, Indonesians prefer chicken to beef explaining why Australia exports twice as much chicken as meat into the country. The most demanded offal items include tails, tongues, livers and feet utilized in traditional Indonesian dishes as well as for processing. Indonesia depends on Australia to serve 28% of its meat requirements domestically (USDA Foreign Agriculture Service 2009).
The domestic consumption for fruits in Indonesia ranges from about 35kg of fruits per capita, a demand that is higher than its local consumption. High value fresh fruits and vegetables that are imported are primarily consumed by middle-low class and sourced at super markets and mainstream retail outlets.
According to WESGRO (2010) the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has been one of the fastest growing economies in the world within the past decade. In the 1990’s, Vietnam was a net importer of food but today’s roles have reversed as it is now a leading exporter for products such as rice and coffee. It however still imports products like milk and other dairy products, fats and oils as well as wine. In 2008, Vietnam’s imports were valued at USD80.7bn came from her neighboring countries including, China, Taiwan and Singapore (WESGRO 2010).
Vietnam’s domestic fresh milk output only meets a fifth of her demand accounting for her reliance on imported milk imports From Australia and New Zealand. Cheese imports were