1). The Atlas of Canada places its coordinates at 70° 18’ 46” North 112° 1’ 6” West. The Baffin Region forms part of Nunavut (OECD p. 26).
The region, especially Baffin Island, was covered by ice about 10,000 years ago but ice began melting a thousand years later in the Gulf of Boothia and Hudson Strait , 7,000 years ago in the Foxe basin area and 5,000 years ago freed the entire island from ice except in the area between its two snowcaps. The first colonizers of the island were the Paleo-Eskimos and a good portion of it was deemed to have been part of the pre-Dorset and Dorset culture development. It was officially founded by Martin Frobisher in 1577-1578 but it was William Baffin who christened it with its present name in 1616 (Nutall 2004 p. 193).
As of 2007, the Baffin Region had a population of 15,765 most of it settling in Iqaluit, the capital city of Nunavut. Baffin Region’s population constitutes more than half of the total population of Nunavut (see table 1) (Henderson 2007 pp. 25-26). It has 15 communities, most of which can be found in Table 1 with their respective population and Figure 1 (Henderson 2007 pp. 25-26). Of the total population 8,165 are males and 7,605 are females. The following is a breakdown of the population by age: 0-9 years old, 3405; 10-19 years old, 3295; 20-39 years old, 5150; 40-59 years old, 3245, and; 59 and above, 1295. Out of the total population only 295 persons are immigrants; 12,610 are aboriginals. There are a total of 4,405 private dwellings in the Region breakdown as follows: 910, owned; 3495, rented (Statistics Canada 2010).
The Region forms part of the so-called Canadian or Davis Shield, a long expanse of bare, eroded length of land that extends from the south of Ellesmere Island southeastward to northern Labrador. This shield is characterized by a lack of surficial deposits, its length disrupted only by hill tops (Atlas of Canada 2010; Nutall 2004 p. 192).
Nuvanut has three