The 1965 Elimination and nationality act was probably the first effort to control illegal immigration into the US from Mexico (Skinner, 2006). From that date till present, many acts have been introduced in the US regarding immigrants. Some of these acts however (for example the Alien registration act of 1940 and the Immigration amnesty act of 1986), while being explicit in fines and penalties for illegal immigrants and those who employ them were also lenient in a way that these acts legalized a great number of illegal immigrants at that time. Such acts have indirectly encouraged illegal immigration instead of limiting it.
According to a study, cited in Huntington (2000), Mexicans constituted 62% of the total illegal immigrant population in the US in the year 1992. Other than Mexicans, illegal immigrants include Filipinos, Chinese, Hispanics and Spanish also. A research by Jordan, cited in Huntington (2000) concluded that without Mexican immigrants, the total immigration level in the US might have been almost equal to two thirds of what it has actually been.
Ritter (2006) has estimated that almost 11 million illegal immigrants live in the USA, and this number increases almost by a million each year. According to one estimate, the foreign born immigrant population has exceeded more than ten percent of the total population in seven census years i.e., from 1860 to 1930 (Huntington, 2000). These rates are alarming and suggest that America’s more than half population is immigrant.
Garibaldi (2006) has pointed out some issues raised due to illegal immigration. These include encouragement for others in illegal immigration, burden on the tax-paying population of America, injustice towards the legal immigrants, growth of the demand for cheap labor, fake documentations and paper fraud.
Similarly, Wagner (2001) has identified the problems related to illegal immigration as follows: economic issues, ...
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(Illegal Immigration - Effects on Large Cities Essay)
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In this study involving illegal immigrant, there will be the selection of samples to represent the larger population of the illegal immigrants. In studying the most complex and emotional social justice issues facing the United States, the researcher might draw a sample of neighborhood residents, ask them some questions, and use their responses to represent the scope of the problem.
Owing to this massive number of immigrants, taxpayers need to pay schooling and welfare for these illegal immigrants. The United States need to close its borders to unlawful crossers and illegal immigrants normally get into the U.S between Southern U.S states and Mexico.
Poverty is one of the main issues in underdeveloped nations (Muller (a) 312). It is also the main reason that makes people migrate to developed nations. Immigrants from all over the world have been coming to the United States for a long time (Muller 29). Unsecured borders play a vital role in facilitating the entry of illegal immigrants.
Workers move away from cities with large numbers of immigrants or avoid such places. Therefore, the proportion of immigrants in cities is endogenous and economists have to evaluate data to analyze immigrants’ impacts on wages and employment. To evaluate this impact, Borjas divided people into strategic groupings based on various social factors.
In the contemporary society, the subject of illegal immigration is highly debated due to the challenges it poses. The primary intention of the typical illegal aliens is the search for greener pastures and in the process they end up adding value to the economy of host country.
In the course of time INS implemented several projects underway that used technology to segregate low and high-risk traffic and streamline the inspection process. INS is testing other technology, including automated vehicle license plate readers to check vehicles against law enforcement lookout databases and a system, which uses fingerprints to verify the identity of individuals in order to reduce passenger-processing time.
These rules included a check on the employment of the illegal immigrants through laws as well as by penalizing the people who forged the documents for the purpose of attaining the same benefits as the official residents of the country (Garcia 1; Fuqua 213).
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