As the theories discussed herein have been widely used worldwide and through a number of decades, it could be said that it is an established material we can rely on when it comes to managing, great or small agencies. Furthermore, the loopholes of the theories have been determined, helping every manager to anticipate difficulties with solutions on hand instead of being taken aback with unexpected problems that could result from the strategies a manager engages with.
Management was not born yesterday. Even during the olden times, management already existed and brought about successes like the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, the Great Wall of China and even on great wars. However, when it comes to the written concepts of these ancient successes, there were not found one, leaving the earlier managers groping in the dark for help as they faced problems and issues that seemed to have no solution. Some managers nevertheless refused to stay in the dark and struggle in their fate. Systematic management was introduced in the 1900s to meet the needs of managers as they face the demands of laborers and consumers. Although management was improved, the theory did not give a satisfactory solution to both managers and laborers (Russell & Taylor, 2006).
This flaw in systematic management led to the birth of Scientific Management aiming to patch the loopholes of its predecessor. Frederick Taylor proposed the analysis of work methods which eventually came to be popularly known as scientific management making him the father of the science (Daft, 2002). He established four basic principles namely; scientific management, scientific selection of workers, scientific education and development of workers and unity and camaraderie among workers and managers (Bateman & Zeithaml, 1990).
With the positive impact of Taylor’s philosophies on productions, his contemporaries rose to further improve the established principles. Among them was Henry L. Gantt