Type II diabetes, hypertension, and renal disease are all interrelated to one another in the sense that type II diabetes and hypertension can be triggered by lifestyle habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol, imbalance diet, and excessive stress. Due to type II diabetes and…
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Since hypertension and type II diabetes is caused by eating habits and lifestyle issues, health teachings should include proper meal plan which focuses on consistent and regulated intake of the following: (1) calories and carbohydrates based on the patient’s age, gender, body weight, and height; (2) vitamins; (3) minerals; (4) increased fiber; (5) low sodium diet; and (6) moderate sugar depending on the patient’s blood glucose level.
It is equally important to encourage the patient to lessen or stop the habit of smoking (nicotine), drinking of alcohol, and avoid stressful situations which could lead to the increase of blood pressure (Johnson, 2004, p. 432). Instead of
Depending on the patient’s age, nurses should consider the patient’s physical maturation, cognitive abilities, and psychosocial development when conducting health teaching (Habel, 2007). Although the patient is well-educated and prefers all learning styles; the nurse should always consider the age factor and readiness to learn. Since the patient is 65-year old, there is a possibility that the patient is experiencing learning barrier related to loss of hearing. In this case, the nurse should consider the idea of allowing the patient to read the health-related materials.
The patient’s readiness to learn is an important factor behind the success of nurse’s health teachings. In case the patient is not interested in learning due to physical discomfort such as pain, the nurse should take more time to teach the patient health information in short details.
Pertinent to the patient’s health condition, nursing diagnosis may include high random blood glucose levels of more than 200 mg/dL due to type II diabetes (Johnson, 2004, p. 286). For chronic renal failure, nursing diagnosis will include excessive fluid volume caused by sodium and water retention (decreasing the patient’s urine output) (Johnson, 2004, p. 677).
To prove that allowing the patient to read nurse’s health ...
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The regulation of the sugar in the blood would be accomplished through the chemical insulin, which is what diabetes interferes with (Brill 15). Pancreas, an organ at the lower part of the stomach is responsible for the production of insulin. In a healthy person, insulin would allow for movement of glucose from the blood into the cells of the body where it would be converted into energy.
The social impacts of this disorder include diet and weight control; and physical exercise – which come along with increased hunger; nausea and occasional vomiting; fatigue, and frequent urination. The economic impacts of the disorder include the cost of blood glucose depressants, insulin injections, and the expenses of blood glucose monitoring.
He has attempted suicide twice in the past, but when questioned he denies harboring any suicidal ideas or thoughts this time. In addition to this, he has a history of Type II Diabetes that he normally controls by using oral medications. He explains that he regularly monitors his blood glucose at home and for the past month it has fallen in the 200mg/dl range.
Stimulation of beta receptors cause increase in heart rate and contractility. Beta receptor stimulation on bronchioles is responsible for bronchodilation and maintaining a patent airway. So, blocking these receptors on heart produce desirable effect of decreased heart rate but can compromise airway by causing bronchoconstriction.
Type 2 diabetes has a long asymptomatic phase and significant clinical risk markers (Caterson 2005).
The decreased ability of insulin to act effectively on peripheral target tissues especially muscle and liver is a prominent feature of type 2 DM, and this is presumed to result from a combination of genetic susceptibility and obesity.
why young adults get stressed include unemployment, the transition to self dependence, drug addiction, relationship problems and students who are on the verge of facing a major exam (Kottler & Chen, 2012). This document develops a teaching plan for students in young adults both