After that first blow, more civilians gathered around and further assaulted the soldier. Elsewhere, another group of soldiers was facing an assault by means of snowballs. The decision was made by the military captain on duty that the soldiers should simply turn away, that they had no legal right to fire upon the civilians. Unfortunately, the civilians took this as an advantage and threw all sorts of objects at the soldiers. It was during this that the soldiers began firing on the surrounding crowd, killing five people and injuring six others.
A trial was held in the aftermath of the riot to determine who was at fault for the incident. The captain of the military was arrested later that night under charges that his soldiers had no right to fire upon the crowd. The captain was found guilty of his crime and sentenced to a meager seven months in prison. However, an attorney by the name of John Adams came to Boston, looking to defend the actions of the military captain, but it was by the hand of a grand jury that stuck with the conclusion that the captain and eight of his soldiers were guilty of the events. They were all sent back to prison. The main trial itself was set in October. It was during these trials that the military captain and his soldiers were found innocent of all chargers - the captain had not given orders to fire, and the soldiers had been acting out of self-defense (York, 2010).
There was much speculation about whether or not the captain and his soldiers should have been entirely at fault for the gruesome events that took place on that day in March. The civilians, especially those that had lost family members in the riot, were set upon the fact that the soldiers not only had no reason to fire upon the crowd, but did not have the permission to do so. Even some members of the jury felt that the taunting and