Act 1902 was implemented to realign the “educational administration at local level” by removing all existing school boards throughout England and Wales (UK Parliament, 2010 b). Since then, all elementary schools were monitored by the county and county borough councils. Similar to the explanation made by Gillard (2004), the State University revealed that the 1902 Education Act was implemented in order to remove the power to decide on spending the educational fund away from Local Education Authorities (LEAs) (State University, 2010). Instead, the Act gave LEAs the control over voluntary schools offered by churches (Gillard, 2004).
industrialism in England and Wales during the 19th century. Prior to the 19th century, England and Wales had no educational system (UK Parliament, 2010 c). Because of the government’s desire to improve the educational system, the UK Parliament implemented a long list of other Act which serves as a guide on how the government will financially support the children’s education and how each school should teach the