Viewers of the past left the sofa with a clear mind and consent in contrast to audience of the present age, whose mind is crowded with negative messages and darkness of the reality. In fact, it would not be wrong to state that issues are exaggerated to make them sound more violent and aggressive to comply with the increasingly demanding nature of the modern viewers. Today’s media emphasizes upon the darker side of pictures and the same negativity is indirectly inculcated in the immature mentality particularly of the juvenile viewers. People confront media for a major portion of their day and reality shows happen to be the most demanded programs.
It has been found as a result of a survey that from 1952 to 1992, the number of criminal acts that take place every hour have increased from 6.2 to 32 on an average. Number of violent acts watched by an American child in one year is estimated to be as many as 12000. In the start of 1990, an average of 22 acts of violence was shown on MTV alone every hour, and 11 of those 22 used to be based on assaults of extremely severe nature that made use of weapons. Three years later, the number of violent acts per hour broadcast on the television rose by 38 in some of the extremely harsh prime-time programs. It was 1993, since when the number of murders and such other physical offences viewed by an average American child on the television touched the peaks of 10000, and this number went up to 12000 by the end of 1997 and increased further after that as more dark reality shows were displayed on screen.
Such a dramatic increase in the number of violent acts shared with the viewers was always a matter of big concern for the psychologists and they highly doubted the legitimacy of such violent programs. Some of them argued that the violence screened on the television may affect the attitude of the audience in an adverse manner. This encouraged the researchers to explore the hidden effects of violent programs on the viewers.