ntly, Renter (2010) reported that young individuals are detained in juvenile detention centers have either some form of mental or behavioral disorders which includes bipolar disorders and schizophrenia aside from general mood disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Other factors that makes adolescents engage in offensive behavior includes coming from a broken family, having suffered from traumatic childhood experiences, negative peer-pressure, or lack of educational support (Humphrey, 2004).
Based on the U.S. Census Bureau report (2010), the total number of juvenile delinquency reported cases back in 2005 was 1,682,000 (U.S. Census Bureau - The 2010 Statistical Abstract, 2010). Although the number of juvenile cases reported in 2005 was lower by 6,000 as compared to the total figure reported back in 2004, the overall juvenile delinquency cases in the United States is still alarming since the total annual number of juvenile delinquency cases between 1995 to 2005 has never gone down below 1,670,000. (See Appendix I – Delinquency Cases Disposed by Juvenile Courts by Reason for Referral: 1990 to 2005 on page 21)
To learn more about the youth and juvenile justice system in the United States, this study will first discuss the criminal and social justice aspects of juvenile incarceration followed by analyzing the relationship between social justice system, the socio-economic diversity, and the U.S. constitutional law with the current criminal justice system. Knowing the relationship between these factors will enable the readers to have a better idea behind the formation and function of the current U.S. criminal justice system as a whole.
As part of investigating how the criminal justice system in the U.S. functions as a whole, the purpose of the U.S. Homeland Security Act in juvenile delinquency will be tackled in details. Given that all detainees that were being held in the juvenile detention center