In particular, the port of Chennai on the east coast of India sustained moderate damage. The local fishing fleet was affected, with a number of boats overturned or washed ashore within the harbor. Overall economic losses from the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami disaster are estimated at$10 billion, with 75% of the loss attributed to the damage inflicted by Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and India.
The Southwestern costal area of the island Hokkaido was affected by the earthquake. The most affected area was in east of island Okushiri and was 100 by 125 kms. Waves soared high. They were from 5 to 12 m high and inundated the area around the island. The highest wave run-up along the southwest coast and was about 30.5 m on a limited area. Most of the deaths were on Okushiri island. The number of missing was expected to be higher because it is a tourist area. 540 houses were destroyed by tsunami and fire caused by earth quake, 154 houses and other properties were heavily damaged and 1,826 were slightly damaged. 31 public buildings were damaged and some were severely destroyed. Highways were destroyed in at least 365 locations and Railway lines were completely damaged at 124 locations. Port facilities and all other infrastructure in direct path of tsunami were extensively damaged, including power, water, telecommunications, transportation, and sewage. Tsunami didn’t damage the sewage treatment plant at Apnea. Naturally high sand dunes protected it
The powerful Earthquake of Hokkaido occurred in south west, the Sea of Japan. The earthquake’s epicenter was at a depth of 34 km on the Sea floor and was very close to the Okushiri Island. The island was hit by tsunami in less than 4 minutes after the earthquake and that left no time for the people of the island to evacuate. Many homes were constructed along the sea side which explained the high toll of victims. Despite only