The course indicated is on teaching English to speakers of other languages (ESOL) where 29 participants from the online course and 31 students from the classroom setting were included in the research. The findings revealed that “students in the Web-based section of the course learned slightly but not significantly more than students in the classroom-based section of the course” (Thirunarayanan & Perez-Prado, 2002, 136).
The authors aimed to determine the academic performance or achievement of students between the online course and the classroom setting course. The dependent variable therefore is the measure of achievement of students which is determined through tests (pretests and posttests) and the scores recorded were used to calculate statistical patterns (means, averages, t-test, among others).
The independent variables are the kinds of courses offering the ESOL: offline and online groups with different sample sizes. Of course other factors that were taken into consideration were the age of the students (ranging from 21 to 47 years) and the gender (classroom setting: 30 female and 1 male student; online setting: 25 female and 4 male students).
The impetus for the development of the study was the need to determine the effectiveness of teaching ESOL as “one of the final courses required of preservice teachers in their Elementary Education Program with ESOL endorsement” (Thirunarayanan & Perez-Prado, 2002, 132). Both course settings had been applied in both classroom setting and online formats. With the proliferation of distance-learning courses offered through the World Wide Web, there is a need to validate previous research studies which indicate that “there is no significant difference in the achievement of students enrolled in distance education courses when compared with the achievement of students enrolled in traditional or classroom based courses” (Thirunarayanan & Perez-Prado, 2002, 131). However, the current study did not indicate a
The essay aims to analyze the quantitative research entitled Comparing Web-Based and Classroom-Based Learning: A Quantitative Study by addressing study variables, conceptual model and theoretical framework, as well as the review of related literature. An annotated bibliography…
Quantitative researches typically specify the number of research participants as sample from the population and display the data on numerous events taking place or biological variables. There is a statistical section in the research that reflects the cause and effect relationships.
The basic aim of a qualitative research is to provide an in-depth understanding of all issues related to the topic to the reader instead of just providing an overview or a general idea of the research. Qualitative form of research is more concerned with the social and behavioral aspects of the issues.
However there is a third approach known as the mixed method study that combines the approaches of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Quantitative research is sometimes termed as positivist or empiricist approach that entails the systematic investigation of different phenomena through the use of statistical and computational techniques (Bockmon & Rieman 1987)..
Contextually, qualitative research is defined as a method of investigation engaged in certain different academic orders, usually in social sciences along with market trends among others. Qualitative research intends to collect in-depth knowledge of human activities as well as reasons behind such performance (Ospina, 2004).
The methodology used by the researcher appropriately distinguishes the course of an initially hypothetical study into fruition through a comprehensive understanding of the goal of the research which correlates to the results. The choice between using quantitative and qualitative instruments in scientific research had been historically lenient to a quantitative process rather than a qualitative measurement.
There have been negating views which supplement the importance of both the researches. Quantitative research methods are used by the researchers when they wish to make statements of situations which might take place in a population. This research style is based on probabilistic measures which form the basis of the theory.
Quantitative research confounds exist that influences research results against independent variables’ forces and therefore challenges implementation of quantitative research. History confound, maturation confound, and testing confound are examples of challenges to quantitative research.
The author does not discuss her research question but the scope of the article suggests the following research question.
The study’s design is also not explicit but literature review seems to have informed the study’s results, as the author refers to different studies.
The authors further specify that the study sought to follow a cohort of nursing students undertaking their undergraduate studies, in an effort to evaluate the degree to which empathy changes occurred over one academic year in different
6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
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