Human ecosystem approach is adopted in the context of social work offered in a human service agency and entails understanding the human society as a product of many factors, particularly the environment. In the systems theory perspective, a system can be defined as a set of…
Human organizations are functional systems which are affected by environmental forces to cause problems such as process vagueness, lack of goals as well as goal displacement. Human service agencies are therefore in constant challenges, since most of them are formed to tackle some of the fiercest human challenges; psychological issues. Management taking considerations of the nature of human society and its challenges is likely to have better management strategies.
Fredrick Taylor formulated the scientific model of management of organizations in 1947. Basing his thoughts on the premise that reduced productivity results from misunderstandings between the workers and management, Taylor proposed a scientific assessment of workers output. He postulated that the best way to improve the general performance of an organization was to identify an above average worker and learn form his approach. Although good performance can be copied to improve performance in many fields, it might be problematic in human service due to variations in clients’ needs (Karen and Zastrow2010).
Hawthorne works in a Chicago electric company experimented in 1927 on ways to increase a worker’s output and satisfaction. Changing aspects of the working environment greatly improved the output per worker. Hawthorne effect was developed from the realization that workers condition themselves to give favorable results that can be attributed to them. Social factors are key factors in the total output delivery by an individual worker (Karen and Zastrow2010).
Y managers have the notion that their workers are self motivated, disciplined and enjoy working at all conditions. Managers must identify the type of workers they have to determine the level of stringency needed (Karen and Zastrow2010).
The environment in which an individual grows in determines the psychological development of the individual, which controls behavior alongside ...
The theory farther explains that a child’s own biology is a primary environment that fuels her development (Berk, 2008). Moreover, the theory adds that connection, and interaction between the factors in the Childs life, for example, his maturing biology, societal landscape, and his family or the community, all contribute in the fueling of the child’s development.
Abiotic components comprise of chemical and physical things present in an environment. Biotic components comprise of the living things, for instance; plants and animals. Joshua Tree National Park is an example of a natural ecosystem that supports the existence of a variety of rare trees, as the name suggests, and a variety of wildlife.
According to the paper theories in the nursing field, just as within other disciplines have undergone through tremendous evolutionary stages to be as they are in the modern day context. It is worth noting that the formulation of theories in the nursing discipline goes through stages such as from initial concepts into conceptual frameworks, then models and the ultimate formulation of theories.
The succession progress is shown below.
The whole process is a "sere". And each successional stage is a "seral stage". Seral stages may be a few years or a few hundred years in length depending on type of stage and environment conditions. The final or equilibrium stage is known as "climax community."
Their line of attack was anchored on the fact that social disorder is an outcome of communal disorientation. The ensuing proposition asserted that disorientation in metropolis settings would in turn widen nonstandard and illegal values that alternate conformist ideals.
ences in the psychological behavior (thoughts, feelings and actions) of people that have continuity in time and that may not be easily understood as the sole result of the social and biological pressures of the moment” (Maddi, 1980). Theories are generally verbal models “of
The United Nations has grouped the ecosystem services in four categories which include; provisioning, which is the production of water and food, cultural which are the recreational and spiritual benefits, supporting which include crop pollination and nutrient cycles
Ecosystem services, therefore, refers to the processes by which the environment avails the resources exploited by human beings either for direct consumption (such as air and water) or for the production of goods and services used by man (Wilson 307). The
When it comes to the action of human societies it is clearly visible that the human beings are ignorantly reacting to the nature. The main aspect is the way in which they pollute the natural resources with no second thoughts. However a small percentage of humans in the form of scientists, corporate bodies and social activists work towards protection of ecosystem services.
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