Methodology- to compare between effectiveness of problem-focused or emotion-focused coping strategies, authors analyzed the situation using coded semi-structured interviews from 116 German expatriates when each half were on their assignments in Japan and the USA. The responses were then exposed to moderated regression analysis technique to arrive at conclusions.
Findings- the authors presented 966 problem events to the interviewees and out of 3913 coping actions they ranked 30 coping strategies by frequency of use. Results revealed that majority of the strategies were problem-focused like resignation, comparisons, change seeking, ethnocentricism, et cetera. Others were emotion-focused.
Implications- the findings revealed that managers at lower levels of hierarchy used problem-focused strategies more often since they need to adjust more to the situations. Moreover, it was also observed that expatriates in culturally more distant countries benefitted more from problem-focused strategies. However, these strategies did not encourage the expatriates to continue with their international assignments. Rather culturally similar nation and longer duration of international assignments encouraged the expatriates to continue. This signifies that cross-cultural dimensions are antecedent to expatriate intentions behind international assignment continuation.
Value to readers- expatriation has been researched mostly with the perspective of multinational corporations and countries on whole. This piece of study is majorly devoted to the actual expatriates and their dilemma of coping with the new and unadjusted environment. Some strategies are available to some expatriates while others to other expatriates. Expatriates having social support and friend circle are found to be more adjusted and have more coping strategies with them.
Thus, this study provides an insight into how coping