This paper shall discuss the cost and social benefits of a balanced diet on good health, as compared to other medical interventions such as operations and medicines. This paper shall develop based on the premise that a balanced diet would have significant health and financial benefits for the people because it reduces the risks for obesity, heart attacks, diabetes, and cancer which are all expensive to treat. This research is being undertaken in order to ensure a comprehensive understanding of health and to guarantee the implementation of a healthy balanced diet in the general population.
A balanced and healthy diet is one which fulfils a person’s nutritional needs without providing too much of such nutrients. In effect, a person must know the right amount of calories which should be consumed on a daily basis; the portions to be eaten for the different foods; and the healthy options from the different food groups (Zieve, 2010). There are various examples of healthy diets based on varying standards – from the NHS and from other countries as well. In general however, a balanced diet must include carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, mineral salts and fibre (Purchon, 2006). Carbohydrates are converted by the body into glucose which is very much needed by the body as a source of energy. Proteins are needed for growth and repair (Purchon, 2006). Proteins are first converted into simpler molecules called the amino acids and these are later transported to the different parts of the body for growth, repair, and as a source of energy. Fats are also needed by our body in order to insulate us against the cold (Purchon, 2006). Vitamins are needed in small quantities in our body; they are very much needed by our body – for our eyes, blood, skin, and normal organ functions. Mineral salts like iron, calcium, sodium, and iodine are also necessary nutrients for our body’s