Social stratification which refers to a structured inequality, generally seen to be persistent within a society for many generations, creates a sort of hierarchy (similar to that of the ladder rungs), and is based on many socially created inequality factors. Social…
Class analysis can be broadly defined as ‘the empirical investigation of the consequences and corollaries of the existence of a class structure defined ex-ante” (Breen & Rottman, 1995, 453). Based on a definition, the sociologist then finds out the extent to which differences in life style and life chances amongst individuals are formatted according to the class structure, as is perceived within the concerned society. Life chances within a social stratification are dependent on many external factors. These are: “health, income and wealth; education; life expectancy; infant mortality; housing; consumer goods ownership; access to leisure” (Sociology intermediate 1 and 2, 2006, 16).
The presence of classes within the UK social structure was brought into prominence in 1980, after the publication of the Black Report, which showed that there were large differences in the mortality rates amongst the British working classes. It highlighted the fact that inequalities within the UK social structure were very much present. The report dispersed the myth, and the utopian feeling that was so prevalent amongst the pre-80s British mindset, which believed that UK was moving towards becoming an egalitarian society, where class divisions and inequalities based on socio-economic factors did not play much role. In this article I will take up this concept of ‘class’ and examine it from various perspectives (social theories), while analysing the various common notions and annotations associated with the term class. The outward manifestation of the disparity in social classes, like the ‘economic standing (wealth and income), prestige, and power’ will be discussed, along with the various factors that come under the purview of life chances, which are dependent on this ‘class’ aspect; all the time keeping in view and focussing on the social conditions of UK, as is prevalent in today’s context.
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Aldridge, S suggests that “life chances refer to the opportunities open to individuals to better the quality of life of themselves and their families. Other dimensions include the absence of poverty and social inclusion” ppt3 (Aldridge, 2004). Life chances of people are influenced by various factors such as social class, education, employment and income distribution, gender, race, disability, health, housing conditions, neighborhood quality as well as generation and spatial divisions.
There are regions where people suffer from draught and famine for years and years and are totally dependent upon the aid of foreign countries for the survival, and there are also places where people have more to consume than what they really need in order to live a healthy lifestyle.
There are also several sub-categories or more specific categories that every human being is categorized into such as social clubs, likes and dislikes, hobbies, activities, and the list may be never ending. All of the social categories that a human being belongs to are the social groups that a human being is part of.
It also provides us with the information on the distribution of wealth, power and rights. Sociologists are, hence, in the search of the underlying factors that affect the lives of the people. They contribute to understand the most apparent and hidden influences to improve the lives.
It is important to appreciate the set rules and regulations how to behave in a society. The attitude of an individual, performance, actions, intelligence as well as the significance of being a part of society. The study encompasses various factors that shape the personality of the individual, sociology therefore deals with the examination of these factors which play an important role in defining the qualities of a person.
He compared the role of a sick to sociological factors and described a sick person as being sick because of societal duties. A person accepts sickness willingly was the perception put in by Parsons Theory.
Ans. Health and illness are an important part of an individual's life.
Intersectionality was put together by the theorist named Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw. It’s main purpose was to be able to elucidate how and why, the Black women’s lives are overshadowed by gender and race oppression.
In order to be able to explain it further, the traffic
ber used the term ‘action’ to refer to “all human behavior when and insofar as the acting individual attaches a subjective meaning to it” (Keat & Urry 107). Hence, an entirely spontaneous reaction would not be classified as an ‘action’ because it has no ‘subjective
The author believes that social class affects the availability of the basic conditions and resources that offer comfort to an individual’s life. The aspects are influenced by cultural and economic factors and include social amenities, education, and healthcare services. The factors affect the lives of individuals on an equal measure.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
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