Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of morbidity in the world and the most common presentation is myocardial infarction (McPherson, 2010). It affects one in three Americans (Howie-Esquivel and White, 2008). While atherosclerosis is the most common and haunted…
lood sugar, ECG and ECHO provide a gross information of the cardiovascular status, estimation of risk and presence of cardiovascular disease is possible only through definite markers of the disease. The ultimate aim of prevention of cardiovascular disease is to prevent end-organ injury like myocardial infarction.
Myocardial infarction mainly presents as chest pain. Infact, chest pain is a common cause for attendance to emergency departments. While millions of people present with chest pain every year, only about 10- 15 percent are actually diagnosed with myocardial infarction (Pasupathi et al, 2009). Lack of appropriate diagnostic and clinical tools to ascertain the presence of myocardial infarction has contributed to unnecessary hospitalization, investigations and expenses (Pasupathi et al, 2009). It is often is difficult to rule out acute myocardial infarction from several other causes of chest pain. But, in view of the high rate of morbidity and mortality associated with the condition, it becomes imperative on the part of clinician to diagnose it and treat in promptly (McPherson, 2010). While ECG is useful in diagnosing acute myocardial infarction, it is not a very sensitive and specific test for diagnosing the condition (Statland, 1996). Infact, in more than 50 percent cases, ECG is non-diagnostic with atypical features (Statland, 1996). Over several years CK-MB was the gold standard for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction. However, recent research has tarnished the image of even that test and troponin testing has replaced that (Statland, 1996). As of now, the search for ideal cardiac marker continues and currently, a combination of more than one marker is used to establish correct diagnosis and prognosis. Ideal marker for use in clinical cardiology would be that which is cardiac specific, that which rises immediately after infarct begins, that which after elevation, remains in the blood for some time, that which is easy to measure, that whose measurements ...
Cite this document
(“Biochemistry (cardiovascular biomarkers the advantages and Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/411811-biochemistry-cardiovascular-biomarkers-the-advantages-and-disadvantages
(Biochemistry (cardiovascular Biomarkers the Advantages and Essay)
“Biochemistry (cardiovascular Biomarkers the Advantages and Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/411811-biochemistry-cardiovascular-biomarkers-the-advantages-and-disadvantages.
Outsourcing has become a major business in today’s world.Most of the big companies outsource their work which is not their core operation. To understand outsourcing one has to know what does outsourcing means. Outsourcing can be defined as contracting out a work which is not the core function of the business.
The field of education is no different; innovative technologies have made their way into the classrooms and other modes of education that are being followed by the academicians in the prevailing times. Assistive technologies are also counted amongst these inventions of the modern era since they facilitate the acquisition of education by students who have disabilities.
These factors will reduce the production capacity of the asset as compared to when it was still new. Therefore, for the company to take care of these decreases, it has to calculate the depreciation value of the asset. Depreciation is therefore calculated using the estimated remaining useful life of the asset and the initial cost of the asset.
People living in highly modernized system has adopted many quick influences like e-commerce or luxury business (Okonkwo, 2007). This influence is from globalization which has brought changes in the lifestyle and in people’s buying and selling modes. Luxury is what stands out firm in this modern system; it is something which has centered people in between desires and modernism (Okonkwo, 2007).
The term biomarker encompasses all biological material ranging from bio-molecules such as nucleic acids and proteins (e.g. enzymes) to organelles, cells, tissues, organs and whole organisms which may effect survival of a living being. Biomarkers can be used for analyzing the responses of an organism to the various environmental factors and their effects in its development and reproduction.
Using online databases in search for a specific topic or article is very convenient and time saving (Vishala & Bhandi, 2009; Lim, Hsiung, & Hales, 2006; Sathe, Grady, & Giuse, 2002). Basically, the use of