The article is informative and updated and could therefore be useful to support or validate arguments to be used in the current study which aims to determine the effect of gender in which children deal with bullying.
The research conducted by the authors sought to determine “to what extent have the correlates and consequences of bullying victimization been misspecified due to an emphasis on direct forms of bullying, such as physical violence, which disproportionately affects boys” (Carbone, et.al, 332). The study was participated by 1,222 youths from 15 schools in the United States and the findings revealed significant similarities and differences in either direct or indirect bullying in terms of gender.
Gropper & Froschl (2000) indicated in their findings that “boys initiated more than three times as many direct forms of teasing and bullying as girls… there was a comparable number of boy and girl recipients, regardless of whether the initiator was male or female” (55). Another interesting finding was that “both boys and girls were more physical than verbal in their initiation of the incidents, but a difference was observed in the responses of the recipients. Boys were more physical in responding to boys, while girls were more verbal in responding to boys” (Gropper & Froschl, 2000, 55).
The official website for James Cook University provided relevant information pertaining to reasons for the bullying behavior. Findings from the research and surveys indicated that bullying could be due to any or a combination of the following reasons: desire for power, lack of skills to communicate, scapegoating, a desire for self-aggrandizement, attempts to increase perceptions of self worth, vindictiveness, distrust of others and overvaluing of control, compliance and hierarchy (JCU, 2010, par. 1). The study indicated that “people who have been identified as bullies believe that their bullying behaviour causes them to be