Another reason that can result in iron deficiency anemia is due to hemorrhage. But Amy is basically suffering from anemia because of her imbalanced diet which fails to supply iron to her body according to her requirements as she is a young child and the iron requirement is high in young children. The diagnosis is based on the history of the patient as well as the physical examination in which pallor will be seen and increased heartbeat may also be present. Also clinical tests need to be done which include complete blood count as well as the count of reticulocytes. The treatment needs to be directed towards returning the level of iron and hemoglobin in the blood to normal. If there is severe deficiency, iron supplements need to be provided. The next thing is the correction of the diet and the addition of iron rich foods in the diet. These include meat, eggs as well as fish. Vegetable sources include spinach, green vegetables and lentils. Fruits rich in vitamin C should also be taken because they assist in absorption of iron. These include oranges and strawberries. Prevention of the disease is basically focused on the correction of the diet and the maintenance of a proper healthy diet which contains adequate amount of iron.
Marcus is a 5-year-old African-American male who has just moved to New York City, and is visiting his new pediatrician for a kindergarten physical. His mom tells the nurse that she carries the trait and wants Marcus screened for it.
Marcus’s mother is carrying the sickle cell trait and she wants Marcus to be screened for sickle cell disease which is a condition with a very high preponderance in African-Americans. Sickle cell anemia is a bleeding disorder which is mainly hereditary and is inherited. The disorder results in the synthesis of an abnormal form of hemoglobin which is known as hemoglobin S and it also leads to a decreased lifespan of the red blood cells. This hemoglobin alters the oxygen carrying