But in democracy ‘people’ refers to the same entity of population who rule themselves. But in order to put this theory in practice, modern democratic political system creates a shadow group -of people’s consent- who will rule the people according to their consent. Theoretically democracy may allow –if people want- any other ideologies including socialism and communism that are supposed to be the opposite of democratic zeal. Indeed in this regard democracy may seem to self-destructive and self-consuming. Yet there is a way-out of this paradoxical nature of democracy in the fact that democracy is not any political ideology; rather it is a political system. It can embrace any ideology as far as the ideology does pose any threat to the democratic political system of a country (Dahl 49-93).
But the question that arises here is whether there is any safeguard that will ensure the sustainability of democracy. Necessarily the answer is that only a strong group in opposition to the ruling people can prevent the people in power from being derailed from the track of democracy. This opposition group is essentially called a political party in modern democracy. Therefore the political parties seem to have their roots in two origins: first they are the shadows of people’s consent and opinion and second they are the safeguard of democracy (Keane 47-68). Consequently a theoretical basis of democracy cannot be imagined without political parties. Still the decline in modern political parties worldwide has provoked the scholars to think of the future of democracy and political. Now there has been a significant debate over the prospect whether democracy is possible without political parties. This paper will explore the theoretical basis and importance of political parties in the context of modern democracy. It also will deal with the question whether