While the 20th century witnessed the advent of a broad range of personality theories the vast majority of approaches were predicated on the foundational methodology of the psychodynamic and humanistic models. While they both attempt to explore foundational elements of…
se personality approaches in regards to their comparative and contrasting elements, with specific emphasis on their theoretical foundations and developmental elements.
Sigmund Freud wasn’t the first to investigate the philosophical ramifications of the unconscious, but his early 20th century psychological examinations and development of psychoanalysis make him the progenitor of the psychodynamic personality theory (Griggs 2008). While psychoanalysis has been extended into a broad range of analytic fields, most notably literature, its implications for personality theory have largely been linked to his theories regarding the unconscious or childhood development (Elliot 2002). Most individuals are familiar with Freud’s characterization of the personality as differentiated into three categories of ego, super-ego, and id. When considering the relevancy for this personality theory it’s important to note that Freud believed that the conscious elements represented by the ego in certain situations experienced cognitive overload resulting in repression as a protective mechanism affecting the personality in later life.
Psychodynamic personality theory understands personality as rooted in the complex interaction of conscious and unconscious forces governing the individual’s actions. In examining the psychodynamic aspects of personality theory, considering it in terms of therapeutic processes reveals its foundational theoretical perspectives. While psychodynamic personality approaches have been practiced for nearly a century and have engendered a number of therapeutic techniques, two of the most predominant techniques are free association and dream interpretation. In free association the patient is encouraged to freely express their thoughts while the therapist examines their narrative descriptions for its underlining subconscious motivation; similarly dream interpretation is a method used by the therapist as a means of direct access to unconscious impulses. A number ...
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First of all it is possible to see them as examples of the same phenomenon, with very similar results. Secondly, it is possible to see them as different processes with completely different results. This paper explores each of these possible approaches, and then compares the two colonial situations to show that Britain was stronger in its colonial activities in India than France was in its colonial activities in Tunisia.
This analysis should not just depend on the person’s perception of the proponent of the theory, but it must account for evidence of effectiveness and efficiency of application of the theory. There are numerous psychoanalytic theories for use in a diagnostic, preventive and intervention setting including theories proposed by Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939), Carl Jung (1875 - 1961), and Carl Rogers (1902 - 1987).
However, during the second half of the 20th century, a “third force” of humanistic psychology emerged in response to the prevalent behaviorism or psychoanalysis (Kalat, 2010). Humanist thinkers felt that both, behaviorism and psychoanalysis failed to undertake a holistic perspective of the human character or personality and was too pessimistic in the fact that it only took into account the most tragic emotions of people.
The humanistic approach is depended on unconventional willpower and the biological approach is deterministic in nature. However, the biological approach is associated with the time predestined for being cynical and pessimistic as well. The approaches are very different from each other “but can be of important use when assessing the personality of an individual”.
Generally, symptoms of depression include agitation, lack of energy, loss of appetite, feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness, thought of committing suicide, loss of interest in performing daily activities, change of sleeping patterns, hallucinations or delusions (Davey, 2011; Barnes, 2012).
Personality psychologists have for several years engaged in intensive debate and discussion on which is the most suitable approach to examine the human personality. Consequently, a variety of theories has been postulated each trying to describe, using different techniques, the cause effects of human personality.
Sociology is usually approached from certain broad theoretical frameworks such as the Marxist approach, nationalist approach, etc. In each of these approaches, one aspect of a community is given importance to. For example, in the
Furthermore, the individual GDP of India, China, Germany, Japan, and the United States has surpassed the total GDP of the 22 Arab league countries.
This second table compares the total GDP of Israel with the total GDP of the Occupied
She suggested that the notion of the womb envy gives a feeling of admiration, which makes women respect men. Horney emphasized on the fact of women’s need for men in the attempt to give birth. Freud, on the other hand,
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