“The support and protection of children cannot be achieved by a single agency… Every Service has to play its part. All staff must have placed upon them the clear expectation that their primary responsibility is to the child and his or her family” (Laming, 1999). Multi agency approach encompasses child’s social care services, health, police and voluntary groups, NGOs as well as parent, guardian or school’s mutual interaction. For effective implementation such approach requires tools and procedures like early intervention, common assessment framework, information sharing etc. As such agencies all share the common goal of wellbeing of the child therefore they should cooperate well with each other.
Beckett (2007, p.110) has mentioned the list of risks indicators formulated by Greenland which lead to increased likelihood of harm in children. According to him, if parents themselves have been neglected or abused in their childhood, the mother was aged twenty or less at birth of her first born, she is a single parent, divorced, living a socially isolated life, having poor housing conditions, or using excessive alcohol or drugs then the child is likely to get affected. Similarly history of the child being neglected before age five or having prolonged separation from mother are indicative of potential safety risks to child. Most of these risk indicators are prevalent in Lucy’s case. Her mother was single, living a socially deprived life in poor vicinity. Being a drug addict she posed the real threat to her children.
Beckett (2007) states: “It is certainly important for child protection workers to be aware of the difficulties faced by parents in poor communities. Poverty is a source of stress – and stress, we know, can push people who otherwise would have coped quite adequately into abusive or neglectful parenting” (Beckett, 2007, p. 169). Although such