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Assignment: Critique of a Person centred counselling approach - Essay Example

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It is a form of therapeutic intervention and patient-therapist relation that emphasizes the individual agency of the patient in discovering the solving their problem. The underlining…
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Assignment: Critique of a Person centred counselling approach
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Assignment: Critique of a Person centred counselling approach

Like Gestalt therapy, client-centered therapy is a humanistic psychology. Indeed, client-centered therapy is regarded as one of the founding therapies of the humanistic school of psychology. The essay explores a general background of the development of the client-centered model is in relation to its historical and theoretical foundational elements. Roger’s theories are contextualized within the broader spectrum of humanistic theories, Gestalt therapy. Specific enabling conditions of Roger’s client-centered therapy are explicated, including the centrality of the therapist’s unconditional acceptance and empathic awareness. The attitudes of the client are examined. Finally, the limiting elements of this therapeutic approach are considered.
The core theoretical foundation of humanistic psychologies is the existential emphasis on human agency, and Carl Roger’s client-centered therapy is no exception. While the client-centered therapeutic approach has been aligned with Gestalt therapy (Osatuke, Glick, Stiles, Greenberg, Shapiro, & Barkham 2005) in that they both emphasize holistic patterns and the individual’s free choice, it seems that the Rogerian perspective on individual agency is even more starkly existential than the Gestalt approach; the Gestalt approach acknowledges the challenge of competing modes of thinking, as well as more involved intervention by the therapist. Client-centered therapy also has a phenomenological understanding of the individual’s environment, as it contends that what one perceives of their situation, feelings, and environment is actually their reality. Rogers situates his therapy in direct opposition to the psychoanalytic model that emphasizes lengthy therapist involvement and the inability of the patient to recognize their problems because of repressive barriers. (Owens 2009) Rogers believes that the emphasis should be place nearly entirely on the patient, as they have the humanistic power of realizing ... Read More
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