Like Gestalt therapy, client-centered therapy is a humanistic psychology. Indeed, client-centered therapy is regarded as one of the founding therapies of the humanistic school of psychology. The essay explores a general background of the development of the client-centered model is in relation to its historical and theoretical foundational elements. Roger’s theories are contextualized within the broader spectrum of humanistic theories, Gestalt therapy. Specific enabling conditions of Roger’s client-centered therapy are explicated, including the centrality of the therapist’s unconditional acceptance and empathic awareness. The attitudes of the client are examined. Finally, the limiting elements of this therapeutic approach are considered.
The core theoretical foundation of humanistic psychologies is the existential emphasis on human agency, and Carl Roger’s client-centered therapy is no exception. While the client-centered therapeutic approach has been aligned with Gestalt therapy (Osatuke, Glick, Stiles, Greenberg, Shapiro, & Barkham 2005) in that they both emphasize holistic patterns and the individual’s free choice, it seems that the Rogerian perspective on individual agency is even more starkly existential than the Gestalt approach; the Gestalt approach acknowledges the challenge of competing modes of thinking, as well as more involved intervention by the therapist. Client-centered therapy also has a phenomenological understanding of the individual’s environment, as it contends that what one perceives of their situation, feelings, and environment is actually their reality. Rogers situates his therapy in direct opposition to the psychoanalytic model that emphasizes lengthy therapist involvement and the inability of the patient to recognize their problems because of repressive barriers. (Owens 2009) Rogers believes that the emphasis should be place nearly entirely on the patient, as they have the humanistic power of realizing
It is a form of therapeutic intervention and patient-therapist relation that emphasizes the individual agency of the patient in discovering the solving their problem. The underlining…
It was not until Sigmund Freud, the father of modern psychology, developed his technique of “talking theory” that theories into the area of counseling began to appear. One of these counselors was named Carl Rogers. Rogers lived a very humble life deeply influenced from his roots and families.
The approach is optimistic and emphasizes on righteous human capacities to prevail over difficulties, pain and misery. Personal growth and fulfillment in life were considered by both Maslow and Rogers to be essential human motives, which meant that all individuals seek and attempt in different ways to develop psychologically and to constantly enhance themselves and the satisfaction they get in life.
The counsellor is usually guided by a theory of counselling in attempting to identify and treat the causes of discomfort or suffering (Corsini & Wedding, 2008). In this regard, the exploring and questioning phase of counselling guided by Roger’s Client-Centred Therapy also known as person-centred therapy will be analysed.
Specifically, the person-centred model was developed from the concepts of humanistic psychology. The humanistic model "views people as capable and autonomous, with the ability to resolve their difficulties, realize their potential, and change their lives in positive ways" (Seligman, 2006).
The person only needs support from the counsellor to overcome the problems. The client needs to involve in a therapeutic relationship with the counsellor and it is the responsibility of the counsellor to provide the right kind of environment for a positive growth in client's behavior.
Developed in the 1930s by Carl Rogers, person-centred therapy partially evolved from the psychoanalytic theories that had dominated the psychological science in the beginning of 20th century. However, the new approach also departed substantially from the classical psychoanalysis.
The author states that the central idea underlining the person-centred counselling is that the person should be trusted to fund his own way out, while the therapist is the companion who encourages the relationship in which person feels safe. The person-centred approach is the belief in rightness, appropriateness, and goodness of human nature.
According to the essay, the person-centred therapy starts from the assumption that all the parties involved are trustworthy amongst themselves, this tendency of being in a condition that the members or clients are able to trust each other gives the client the notion that each individual is of the idea of creating constrictive accomplishment.
8 pages (2000 words)Essay
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