The spiritual aspect deals with a person’s religious affiliations or beliefs that affect their social life, emotions and physical well-being. A counselor therefore needs to know a client’s cognitive, behavioral, affective, and spiritual aspects before taking a specific counseling approach.
Counseling has been in existence for thousands of years, but it is one of the most misunderstood concepts in psychology. In the past, counseling was performed by wise elders in the communities with the family unit at its core. These elders counseled people on the various norms that existed and how to follow them. This trend has continued to grow, but now it is parents and other community members such as teachers, coaches, and religious leaders that find themselves in the counseling field. These community leaders have the role of counseling inherently embedded in their duties. As time passed, counseling took new approaches that were more scientific although the ancient ones also depicted some level of science and ethics. The transformation of counseling has primarily been based on the need for it to suit different people from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and lifestyles. Ironically, as the world has become more informed and technologically savvy, the breakdown of the family unit is on the rise. This brings about a generation of people who have not developed the emotional, mental, behavioral, and spiritual skills needed in our complex and changing society. This and more reasons have contributed to the development and spread of modern techniques and theories in counseling. The misunderstanding gap in relation to counseling in the past has been also reduced with more people seeking formal counseling services. In addition, counseling today does not have the stigma it once held in the past. In actuality, many theories used today consider counseling as a process where the client and the counselor come up with solutions or plans together. Today’s counseling has taken
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The field has undergone transformation based on the changing societal needs and has taken an integrative approach that encompasses four aspects. The cognitive aspect…
Substance addiction and abuse is a complex illness exemplified by extreme and, often at times, uncontrollable substance craving, coupled with compulsive substance seeking and use that endures even in the face of devastating out comes. Even though it is quite easy to follow the path to substance abuse and certainly addiction, through voluntary act of taking such substances, an individual’s ability to opt not to use them over time becomes compromised and consuming and seeking these substances becomes compelling.
Spiritual, Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Aspects of Counseling Abstract Counseling is a field that has existed for a long time and it is quite important in psychology and psychotherapy. The field has undergone transformation based on the changing societal needs and has taken an integrative approach that encompasses four aspects.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy, which endeavors to resolve issues regarding dysfunctional behaviors, emotions, and cognitions through a highly structured, goal-oriented process. The psychoanalytic method is a less structured technique of in which the patient verbalizes cognitions such as fantasies and dreams, from which the psychoanalyst extrapolates the unconscious dysfunctions that result in the patient's outward symptoms.
This can be clearly illustrated by understanding that there are many behaviors and some are learned by not actually performing them. For example, unacceptable behaviors are most likely not to be performed. Absenteeism and tardiness are unacceptable behaviors in the workplace.
Family therapy help family members improve communication, solve family problems, understand and handle special family situations (for example, death, serious physical or mental illness, or child and adolescent issues), and create a better functioning home environment.
Three very important and essential approaches are needed if the counselor is to succeed in the counseling ministry. This is when the counselor will approach the problem at hand by establishing whether it is as a result of spiritual warfare, takes a wholistic approach in investigating it and deals sympathetically with the counselee.
Adherents of this view are primarily interested in the construction of what they call intelligent machines. John Searle (1980) presents a view called strong artificial intelligence, where it is assumed that human minds are themselves, computer programs.
The researcher of the paper claims that because these two techniques are so starkly different, they often miss insights that the other method may provide. For instance, while CBT is highly structured, psychoanalysis relies less on structure than on the free associations of the patient and their interpretations.
Her elder brother, who is aged 18, was studying in America at the time. The immediate-elder sister is 15 years old and is in high school. During previous therapy sessions, it had been determined that the parents of Halima were
It helps us study the internal mental states of an individual. Hence, it is unlike behaviorism that only focuses on observable behaviors. Cognitive psychology helps in cognitive research regarding enhancing memory, improving decision-making
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