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Eyjafjallajkull - Volcanic Eruption - Research Paper Example

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This volcano is located in southern Iceland and it started erupting when an approximately 2000 feet long fissure cracked open in the…
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Eyjafjallajkull - Volcanic Eruption

The area near the volcanic mountain rose by about two inches which signified that there was considerable lava flow underneath that area. All previous eruptions of this volcanic mountain had caused floods as the glacial ice melted as a result of volcanic eruption but the current eruption has taken place in an area that is covered by ice during winter only. So, the danger from flooding could be averted. Also all previous eruptions from Eyjafjallajökull were accompanied by simultaneous eruptions from the neighboring Katla volcano. Thankfully, however, this time no volcanic activity was observed in Katla. (Simmon, 2010).
Strange as it may sound, volcanic eruptions in Iceland have been constantly adding to its landmass. There is a definite reason as to why Iceland is peppered with volcanoes. It is situated in an area where two geological conditions that lead to the formation of a volcano are very much present. The first is the presence of a fissure in the earth’s crust and the second is continuous upward movement of molten rock, magma through that crack (Young, 2010). Iceland also has numerous geysers and hot springs which are sure indications of heightened geothermal activity in that zone.
As magma continued to erupt through the 2000 feet long fissure, small hills of cooled lava – scoria, were formed along the sides of the fissure and another stream of lava found its way towards the north-eastern direction along Hrunagil Gully. As the lava flow met the snow it melted at a furious pace creating white plumes of smoke that covered half the sky. The volcano started emitting copious amounts of dust, volcanic gasses and glass that covered the entire sky of Europe and caused one of the most serious disruptions in recent memory of air travel in that region (Klemetti, 2010).
The volcanic ash that was spewed by Eyjafjallajökull covered the entire sky above Europe and halted air travel into complete standstill for more than a month after the volcano erupted ... Read More
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Eyjafjallajkull - Volcanic Eruption
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