Essay sample - Skin-to-skin contact after Cesarean delivery: An experimental study.

Ph.D.
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 2 (502 words)
Download 0
This paper “Skin-to-Skin Contact after Cesarean Delivery: An Experimental Study” describes an experimental study conducted in order to elucidate the safety of the practice of early Skin-to-Skin Contact (SSC) of the mother and the newborn baby after Cesarean delivery…

Introduction

In this study, the analysis techniques used included intent to treat analysis, interim analysis and the use of statistical tests such as Students t-test to compare the two groups. The appropriateness of each of these tests and their relevance and applicability in this study setting is discussed below.
By definition, non inferiority trails are trials which aim at demonstrating that a new treatment modality or intervention is not inferior to the existing standard of care in terms of its efficacy and safety profile (Snapinn, 2000).Studies have revealed that the most appropriate statistical analysis techniques to be used for non-inferiority trails are intent-to-treat analysis (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analysis, and there is an ongoing debate over which of the aforementioned analysis techniques is more suitable (D’Agostino, Massaro, & Sullivan, 2003). While patients are analyzed in the groups they had been assigned to at the beginning of the study, in an intent-to-treat analysis (ITT), irrespective of whether they completed the entire course of treatment or not, per-protocol analysis only includes patients who completed the entire course of the assigned treatment. Thus ITT is considered to be more liberal than PP analysis (D’Agostino, Massaro, & Sullivan, 2003).
Current recommendations advocate the concurrent use of both these approaches for data analysis in non-inferiority trials and if both approaches support non-inferiority, then the treatment modality or intervention is accepted as being non-inferior to the existing standard of care. In this study, the authors have used intent to treat analysis which is a suitable form of analysis for the study design used (Snapinn, 2000). However, if they used PP analysis simultaneously and that too proved non-inferiority, the strength of the study and the validity of the findings would have been greater.
Moreover, in this study, the analysis ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Skin Cancer
This decease occurs more often in people with light colored skin who are exposed to the sun for significant periods of time. The occurrences are most likely in the skin that has the most sun exposure (e.g. hands, head, neck, face, arms, or exposed legs), but it can also occur on nearly any skin surface, so periodic self examination is critical for early detection (National Cancer Institute, 2008).…
2 pages (502 words)
Skin Deep
A recent newspaper article in the New York Times by Natasha Singer, dated October 4, 2007, titled "SKIN DEEP; Is the 'Mom Job' Really Necessary" reveals an interesting trend in this regard. This essay shall analyze the mentioned article and study its relevance, and the way in which the article corresponds to the ideas and issues discussed by Emma Goldman in "Love and Marriage" and "Woman…
3 pages (753 words)
TB Skin Testing
Potential high risk employees include emergency department personnel, respiratory therapists, microbiology laboratory workers, and pathologists, specialists in pulmonary medicine and nurses in some settings (McGowan, 1983; CDCP 1995).…
4 pages (1004 words)
Vitamin A and skin
While some claims have some rationale and are based on adequate research, it must be accepted that some of these claims are quite spurious with lack of adequate and extensive evidence from research before them being recommended to be used (Weiss et al., 1988). In this assignment one such claim published in a reputed newspaper will be critically examined whether local dermal application of vitamin…
7 pages (1757 words)
A proposed exploritory study on the physiological effects of kangaroo care (skin-to-skin) on the neonate
Compared with conventional care, KMC was found to reduce severe illness, infection, breastfeeding problems, and maternal dissatisfaction with method of care and improve some outcomes of mother-baby bonding. There was no difference in infant mortality. However, serious concerns about the methodological quality of the included trials weaken credibility in these findings. More research is needed.…
12 pages (3012 words)
skin allergy
Urticaria or hives is an itchy rash, due to hypersensitive reaction by the skin (Linscott, Emedicine). The condition may be acute or chronic and there are several variants to this condition. Itching can occur without any rash and may be due to some disease related to that part of the skin. Even some medications can cause itching.…
3 pages (753 words)