In his work, “Writing is a Technology that Restructures Thought,” Walter Ong says that literacy is not an innate human understanding; but a learned process which has developed along with technology as humanity progressed. He argues that many people do not make the distinction between having an idea, and putting it down on paper; a thought is only legitimate if it is written down. In this this essay I relate his argument on language to “Darmok”, an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, and argue whether or not the alien species as depicted would have been able to achieve advanced technological capabilities. It is quite evident in the episode that the factor that act as an obstacle between the two parties is the language barrier
In the Star Trek: The Next Generation, the Federation meetings with the Tamarians have all the time been challenging because the universal translator could not translate the languages. The Tamarian captain and Picard, Dathon, try to converse from their corresponding ships, but the translator can only give ambiguous expressions like "Darmok and Jalad at Tenagra," which does not make sense to the crew. As Picard attempts to clarify that Starfleet wishes peaceful relations, Dathon lifts his hands clutching two daggers, then he and Picard are beamed from their ships to the surface of the planet below. Meanwhile Riker and the crew realize that the Tamarians have put up a field in the planets ionosphere to avert a beam out, Dathon offers Picard a dagger, of which Picard declines because he thinks the Tamarian, wants to fight him.
At night, Dathon lites a fire, and then flings Picard a flaming log so that he cannot sleep cold. Dathon keeps repeating the phrase, “Shaka, when the walls fell " and Darmok and “Jalad at Tenagra," which does not make sense to Picard. In the morning, Picard and Dathon are pursued by a large alien while the Enterprise sends a shuttlecraft on a saving
It is only through literacy that people have been able to lead successful lives. With the invention of and development of technology, the need of literacy rose immensely since illiterates cannot operate…
Areas within the content, form and use of her language to be discussed include phonology, morphology, syntax, grammar, semantics and pragmatics. 2. Form 2.1 Phonology Phonology is concerned with the ways in which sounds are combined to form words and the rules that govern those combinations, which involves stress, rhythm and intonation; not all phonological or phonetics aspects can be discussed within this paper due to no audio or phonetic transcription being made available.
Therefore, comprehension determines the meaning after reading a text, listening to other individuals as they read or after viewing texts in the media. Comprehension is very important in the development of literacy skills in the contemporary society. It also helps individuals to understand the work written by varied authors, equips an individual with new information, and facilitates the relaxation process (Rasinski & Rasinski, 2009).
This field of education came into play as a reaction against introspective psychology, which was active between 19th and 20th Century. According to Wilhelm Wundt, introspective psychology was the primary basis of psychology. Wundt and other psychologists argued that introspective psychology relied mostly on the reports of first person and their first hand experiences.
This doe not mean that they are not able to communicate but our development has allowed for a unification of actions on a global scale that would have not been capable by other species (Trask, 2007). Human beings have the most developed form of communications systems in the world and the foundation of this is the language that they use to transmit their messages.
Language may be defined as a form of expression that reveals a person’s identity and gives him or her a sense of belonging. But how does a language structure a person’s experiences? To begin with, the role of language in one’s life is one that fulfils the need to belong.
This paper has provided an analysis of Ella’s use of verbal language in terms of content, form and use. Ella is developing at an appropriate level for her age. Her use of language is suitable for a child of four, and her use of language in relation to content, including semantics and pragmatics is also apposite to her age.
In order to avoid these misunderstandings it is necessary to provide precise analysis of language features and levels of its structure and processing.
Language is inextricably connected with cognitive processes. Such mental
Human beings choice of words for particular things, emotions, expressions and much more is like a perfect art or work. Every language has its definite construction of words. When studying language, it is quite fascinating that one can be able to determine the category a word belongs to, even though, the person is clueless of the word’s meaning.
The theoretical basis and practical results of the studies and research on this matter are very beneficial for the humanity because it allows for understanding the way the language is acquired and by means of this to teach and learn foreign
10 pages (2500 words)Research Paper
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