For instance, activities like business, import and export of labor, tourism and inward-investment that are considered very significant in the development of a nation should be facilitated. On the other hand, tight security should be enhanced at the borders to prevent the entry of criminals seeking to violate border control and national laws (Policyalmanac.org, 2003).
Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, national security became the top priority in the Customs and Border Protection of the United States where federal government immediately passed the Patriot Act in the fall of 2001. The Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers and agents implement all appropriate US laws. The CBP prevents smuggled goods, narcotics and agricultural pests from crossing the country’s border. It also spots and captures warrant criminals. The attacks in US called for international cooperation in preventing and eradicating the acts of terrorism while the General Assembly of the United Nations declared supporters of the acts of terrorism be held accountable. Following this attack, efforts to combat terrorism were adopted globally. The international community through the United Nations Security Council adopted a common set of obligations with a determination to fight and end international terrorism, which was considered a threat to international peace and security (Cbp.gov, 2011).
Moreover, on September 28, 2001, the Security Council adopted a resolution that established a number of obligations to all the UN member States. Under this resolution, the UN member States were required to fight against international terrorists, their groups, organizations and supporters. Nonetheless, the members were also required to prevent the financing of terrorism and prevent terrorists from entering their States. The United States is still waging a campaign against terrorism in its state and beyond. This is evident through the action it is