genocide - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
genocide

This document distinguishes several types of perpetrators and their involvement in genocide through examples. It also defines the content of the crime according to the international law and the convention towards the prevention and punishment of genocide. Finally, the different kinds of genocide based on their intent as retributive, cultural, latent, optimal, and utilitarian are discussed.
Most people in the society tend to use the general concepts such as mass murder and massacre, while referring to genocide. They may also associate the delivery of justice with the local governments after the crime, since they have no idea of the international protection by the law. Genocide is a crime defined in the international criminal law, and is currently handled by the International Criminal Court (ICC), based in the Netherlands at Hague. The ICC aims to protect the potential victims, bring to trial or apprehend suspected perpetrators, while giving justice to the affected in the society. Several international organizations define the crime based on destruction targeting a particular group of people within a domain; however, what distinguishes the crime from others is the motivation behind it. According to Rummel (2002), history shows different situations where people had been murdered under the authority of their rulers and governments, either in war or by strict instructions given to exterminate rebellious groups; even though, legal application of the term ‘Genocide’ came into use first in the indictment of the Nazi war criminals, at Nuremburg tribunal between 1945 and 1946, in association with Raphael Lemkin. Although the ICC is an independent judicial system, it works closely with the United Nations to uphold human rights and campaign against genocide.
The crime of genocide is not limited to mass killings but it covers a wide scope. It is defined in the international law in the convention on the prevention and punishment ...
Download paper

Summary

Genocide has been described as a crime identified in the international criminal law, besides the local management by the governments of individual nations, which most people understand. It is currently being handled by the international criminal court in the international level…
Author : muellerirving

Related Essays

Rwandan Genocide
Accordingly, by focusing on the inevitability of such tribal animosity Western scholars have ignored important preconditions to the outbreak of genocide in Rwanda in 1994. As the poorest country in data set #9, the world-wide movement to atone for the historical injustices faced by the Tutsi people is alive and well in post-genocide Rwanda (CIA, 2009)....
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Representing Genocide in Rwanda Genocide Memorials
The minority who were the Tutsi people were to be executed whenever they were seen. This also applied to all Hutus who tried to sympathize or help the minorities in any way....
16 pages (4016 words) Essay
Cambodian Genocide
According to Weitz (p. 145), the Khmer which is classified as a genocidal regime, sought to create a "homogeneous, perfect society" that was self-sufficient and modern. Khmer policies led to social disruption and economic misbalance in the first two years which mounted after 1977 with the looming prospect of Vietnam War and the regime set out to destroy all those who held to their traditional beliefs and ways of life. The large-scale massacre of the enemies was considered an essential step to be taken by the Khmer to reach Utopia. The convincing style used by the author to details all the...
1 pages (251 words) Book Report/Review
Genocide
They are a phenomenon of the plural society, with its marked divisions between racial, ethnic, and/or religious groups. Plural society theory deals with the relations between these groups, and the conditions promoting peaceful cohabitation, integration, or violent polarization leading to genocide. It has no application to the genocides of international war, committed in armed conflict between separate states....
7 pages (1757 words) Essay
Deniers of Genocide
One of the most controversial cases of genocide occurred in Nanking China in 1937-38 when occupying Japanese forces tortured, brutalized, raped, and murdered hundreds of thousands of Chinese men, women, and children over a six-week period. Its limited duration and scale of devastation portrays it as one of the most intense periods of violence in world history. Yet, decades of denial by the Japanese government and conflicting first hand accounts have fuelled a debate in regards to the accuracy of the event, and it has even been questioned as to its authenticity. As the story continues to evolve...
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!