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Compare the policies of Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev in regard to managing relationships with ruling communist parties on the Eurasian continent. - Essay Example
It was a state ruled by one party, the Communist Party. The government and the economy were highly centralized in its capital city Moscow. In the…
Khrushchev was optimistic about the industry. Stalin his predecessor had come up with strategies that Khrushchev thought had dragged down the progress of the industries and had an effect on the economy (Smith 23). He saw it wise to set new methods to cub this problem and boost the way of living of the Russians. He divided the civilians into groups and allocated them with fridges, vehicles, and even washing machines. He came up with a plan that would take 7 years, whose main goal was to improve the common mans’ standards. He gave the people consumer goods, recyclable plastics, and even chemicals. According to Khrushchev, Stalin had put up too many industries in Moscow and ignored the other parts of Russia. He (Khrushchev) wanted a decentralized system where industries were readily available in all parts of Russia (Smith 45). In 1957, Khrushchev closed down almost all the industries in Moscow and this provoked rivalry. He also made favorable the employees working conditions and increased their salary and ensured tax was lowered to favor the common person. He made sure goods were sold at a reasonable price, offered pension to the retirees and ensured children went to school even if they did not have tuition fees. Through his new techniques, the first man to go into space was from Russia. The journey to space however did not favor the less fortunate. Employees worked under minimal supervision, and local leaders were allowed to make decisions in regards to the industries without having to wait for instruction from their superiors. A council of leaders was formed in 1958 and they were allowed to make decisions on their own and decide what products they were to make.
In 1977, Brezhnev gave the Russians a new constitution. The constitution gave the people several freedoms like freedom of speech and assembly (Ouimet 33). He wanted to undo the strategies set by Khrushchev and to bring back imprisonment, jail, and deportation. Due to shortage in ...