He moved to Wisconsin university later where he studied psychology and earned his MS, BS, and Ph.D. in 1934. He discovered his theory in which he called the hierarchy of needs in 1943.
In Maslows theory, people are motivated to fulfill their own needs. Everybody starts at the foot of the pyramid and works hard to attain the goals of the next layer working to the top section. For one to move to the next level of the pyramid, he/she has to meet the needs of the first level. If these needs are not assembled, the person can fall back to the first level. The first level of the needs is psychological needs. These are basic needs that are to be met n order to continue surviving, including water, food, clothing, shelter and sleep. The next level of the needs is security. This means that the environment surround people are neither threatening to them nor their families. If the surrounding is safe, it means that there is a sense of foreseeability or stability in the environment. Security may also be financial security that means that there is no financial unreliability in the future. This security is achieved by creating a retirement package, securing positions in the work, and insurance.
Third is the affiliation level which is the need required for one to feel a sense of belonging or loved. People need the urge to be accepted by the other people, especially those around them. This may be at work place, home or other places. The next level is esteem. This is the visibility that one has of themselves. People must have a high image of them self and encompass self respect in order to understand this level. This level contains two components that are feelings of self value and the need for courtesy by other people.
The last level of requirements in the hierarchy is self-actualization. This stage explains as some being all they can be and they have got each of the foregone needs in the stages. A talent of a person in this level is utilized ...Show more