NGOs can be broadly categorized into two categories namely operational NGO which is mainly concerned with the formulation and implementation of issues related to development and advocacy NGO aims at defending as well as advocating for specific concerns. Examples of operational NGOs include Explosive Ordinance Demolition (EOD) while advocacy NGO includes Medical San-Frontier (MSF). The main functions of IGO include promotion of good international dealings, forging great international cooperation and coordination among member states, enhancement as well as upholding of human rights and social growth and finally offering of humanitarian assistance in events of crisis and natural calamities. The functions of NGOs include laying emphasis on humanitarian related matters, enlargement of development assistance and ensuring development that is sustainable over a long period of time in all aspects.
The tragedy of the commons relates a theory in the field of economics that was put forward by Garreth Hardin which argues that individuals tend to act rationally and independently through consideration of their own personal interests. In this case individual behavior supersedes that of the general belief or the opinion of the masses. It is an economic theory that argues that commonly shared resources can be depleted by the self-centered nature of individuals. The term commons relates to the resources that are shared among several people such as the environment, natural resources and artificial shared items. The theory has attracted several criticisms on the ground of its lack of historical accuracy as well as failing to make a clear-cut distinction between common property resources and the openly accessible resources. The theory which further advocates for privatization of public resources is seen as an overrated view that lacks credibility and actual applicability.
Human rights is defined as a set of moral as