This paper will analyze the issues relating to Homeland Security and analyze its response to security issues.
The agency’s mission statement has various security objectives that govern its operations. They include: protecting the cyberspace, enforcing the US immigration policies, controlling the US borders, and enhancing security through terrorism prevention (Proctor & Waleford 2009). The main objective, however, for Homeland Security should be the prevention of terrorism. Terrorism involves the intentional and calculated use of threats to instill fear among people in order to gain political or religious strategic advantages. In a bid to control terrorism, the department also prevents unauthorized access or trade of nuclear and radiological materials. The history of terrorism is imperative to altering the governance systems of countries. Terrorist organizations exist in civilized nations in which they conduct their operations without reservations. Through the Homeland Security Advisory System introduced by the president, this department disseminates terrorism information to the relevant authorities in the event of possible terrorist attacks. The authorities then use this information with the help of the Homeland Security to establish the level of terrorism threat. According to the Homeland Security, there are five levels of threat. They include; low risk, general risk, significant risk, high risk, and imminent risk of terrorist attack. However, most of these threats are from individuals and domestic groups that act independently. This nature of terrorism explains why cyber terrorism has become rampant in the current years.
In the current world, cyber terrorism has increased in scale due to the technological advancement of the modern era. The threats aimed at the US nationals from the hackers have become paramount in the recent years. The department should focus most of its