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In 1941 Schoenberg, in an essay 'Composition with Twelve Tones' (Style and Idea, p. 216), wrote that 'The method of compo
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Composition with Twelve Tones [Student’s Name] [Course] [Instructor’s Name] [Date] Composition with Twelve Tones The composition with Twelve Tones, generally known as the ‘twelve tone technique’ is a composition of music which was formed by an Austrian musician / composer.
This paper will discuss that how the twelve note composition ended with the formation of emancipation of the dissonance. It was in the early 19th century (between 1911 and 1922) that Schoenberg was searching for something new, something that may replace the traditional and old scheme of composition of music pieces. He believed that the old music was using just one or two tones as the core elements of its compositions. These two elements according to him were the tone / tonality and dissonance. According to Schoenberg these elements were stretched and used throughout the composition which he did not appreciate. As a result Schoenberg came up with a new idea that all the twelve tones must be utilized while composing music. Through it he was assure of the fact that no single tone will get the significance and all tones will be heard and balance each other in any composition. If we try to understand ‘The method of composing with twelve tones grew out of necessity…such a change became necessary when there occurred simultaneously, a development which ended in what I call the emancipation of the dissonance’ (Schoenberg, 1975, p.216), Schoenberg actually pointed out towards the surplus use of dissonance in the late 19th century by the composers like Strauss, Debussy and Wagner. These composers used dissonance freely as the basic element of music. ...
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