This research study “The Effect of Continent Music to Increase Non-Nutritive Sucking” assessed music as reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking of 12 premature infants born at an average gestation of 29.3 weeks and an average birth weight of 1111.9 g…
Extract of sample The Effect of Continent Music to Increase Non-Nutritive Sucking
Frequency data were recorded for each 5-second interval in which the duration light was activated for at least 3 seconds. Results demonstrated that sucking rates during the periods of contingent music was 2.43 times greater than baseline (silence) sucking rates. In this study, music contributed significantly to the development of non-nutritive sucking of premature infants.
Little research exists to document the earliest discrimination behaviors of premature infants. In the third trimester, it is known that the human fetus is adding 250,000 neurons/minute in the developing brain (Fischer & Rose, 1994). During fetal development and at birth, these neural cells compete to link up with a specific neurological function. In fact, the most critical period for the growth of human cortex dendrites reportedly occurs between 20 weeks gestation and 2 years of age (Gardner, Garland, Merenstein, & Lubchenco, 1997). During this development, genetic endowment and environmental opportunity begin interacting. The newborn infant is, therefore, self-constructing with post-birth experiences, creating unique individualized neurological connections. It is known that term newborns begin discriminating cause/effect relationships within hours of birth (DeCasper & Fifer, 1980) and recognize auditory stimuli that were presented prenatally (DeCasper & Spence, 1986).
The premature infant loses the opportunity to continue normal neurological development in the womb. Those with health complications are subjected to painful and stressful medical procedures necessary for survival. Both the complications and the interventions are highly correlated with increased impairment in neurological development (Creasey, Jarvis, Myers, Markowitz, & Kerkering, 1993; Karmel, Gardner, & Magnano, 1991). ...
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For instance, in analysing the issue of whether an increase in the minimum hourly wage causes unemployment, Baumol and Blinder (2009, p. 115) produced a model that we reflect in this work as Figure 1. Figure 1. Anticipated impact of an increase in hourly minimum wage Source: Baumol and Blinder 2009, p.
The research study will use both primary and secondary data in understanding the effects of music during worship. The data collecting will involve surveys of a population of worshippers. The research population will consist of 1,000 Christians whereby a sample of 200 hundred participants will be selected.
The research paper will also cover the role of music in worship, whereby there will be a discussion of the multifaceted way of defining this role. There is numerous literatures discussion the fundamental role of music in worshiping, some of which include the way music interlinks the world and the divine through the worship service. In this case, the research paper will revolve around the effects of music on the worship.
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