Discuss the interrelationship between music and program in Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in F minor, Op. 8, no. 3 "Autumn" (Th

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The Interrelationship Between Music and Program in Vivaldi’s Violin Concerto in F minor, Op. 8, no. 3 “Autumn” (The Four Seasons) (1725) The music of Vivaldi’s Violin Concerto in F minor “Autumn” primarily follows the conventions of the Baroque concerto, but the words to the poem assist the composer to paint a more descriptive picture.


The Italian Concerto format of three movements (fast, slow, fast) is a basic standard for the period and Vivaldi adheres to that model. Key changes in the Baroque period, from minor to major are made more rapidly than examples of concerti from the latter 18th Century where composers took more time in both tutti and solo sections before shifting to alternate keys. Phrases are often played in forte and repeated in piano; this style is a signature of Vivaldi in many of his concerti. In the Baroque style, often the solo sections of a concerto are accompanied by a simple bass line, or ground bass, perhaps with incidental strings or other instruments and usually harpsichord. Vivaldi follows this convention. The solo violin is left with little background from the orchestra, leaving more room for free flowing play with the theme and variations upon it. The opening to Vivaldi’s concerto is lively and athletic. In four quarter time, it has a quality reminiscent of folk dance. There is a leaping feature to the subject with strongly accenting downbeats. The violin enters, strictly following the theme but turns a portion of the theme upside down. In the next solo section the violin takes a series of leaps and arpeggios as it moves toward a slightly slower and more chromatic subject. ...
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