The toccata was a fixture in Baroque music meant to demonstrate a player's dexterity on the keyboard. Bach's Toccata in D minor opens with single-voice ornaments played in the upper ranges of the keyboard. (Druckenbrod) A motif, doubled at the octave, is reiterated throughout the parallel major section of the piece. This toccata is strewn with finger-taxing ornaments and flourishes so typical of the Baroque era. The fugue was also the form of choice during the Baroque era and Bach is touted as one of the best fugue writers. A fugue is contrapuntal with room for free counterpoint within the framework (Libbey, 247). Bach's Fugue in D minor exemplifies his brilliance in scoring multiple voices, interweaving melodies made up of 16th notes above an implied pedal point. Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor are on this playlist because they are outstanding examples of two forms particularly important to the Baroque era, illustrate the development of tonality in this era with Bach's use of keys, particularly in the fugue, and demonstrate the emotional and dynamic range available to the Baroque composers. Bach had an indelible effect on the development of music and definitely deserves to be included in the time capsule. Vivaldi: Concerto No. 1 in E major, Op. 8, Spring: Allegro (1725) Url: http://www.rhapsody.com/artist/janacek-chamber-orchestra/album/vivaldi-four-seasons/track/concerto-no-1-in-e-major-op-8-rv-269-la-primavera-spring-i-a Antonio Vivaldi's (1678-1741) The Four Seasons is one of the earliest examples of program music. The Four Seasons is a group of concertos for solo violin, string quartet and basso continuo – typical of the Baroque era. Inspired by a set of four sonnets, these works demonstrate virtuosity in all players but especially the soloist. The first movement Allegro from the Spring concerto is perhaps the most famous movement and one of the most demanding scores for the players (Gengaro). The first movement of Spring makes immediate use of the terraced dynamics typical of Baroque; a loud opening sequence followed by a quieter passage and then again a louder one with clear dynamic divisions. The melodic lines, particularly in the solo violin, are ornamented with trills and mordents typical of the Baroque era's indulgence in ornamentation. The solo violin triplet flourishes above the agitated 32nd notes of the quartet require virtuosity while also depicting the mounting anticipation as spring becomes summer, as the world shakes off winter in the programmatic style typical of later eras. This work, while still exemplary of the Baroque era, also hints at the future of music, moving away from the Baroque absolute to the new and programmatic thus making this piece by Vivaldi a necessary inclusion in the time capsule. Handel: Hornpipe suite no. 2 in D Major, Alla Hornpipe (1717) Url: http://www.rhapsody.com/search?query=handel+the+water+music+suite+no.+2+in+D+Major+alla+hornpipe+hornpipe+ Handel (1685-1759) composed this orchestral suite for the entertainment of George I played from a barge on the river Thames. The 50 piece ensemble included the first use of French horns in English music (Libbey, 953). The second suite in D major consists of 5 movements. By tradition Baroque suites consist of various dance movements, each in the same key. The second dance from suite no. 2, also known as Alla Hornpipe, is the movement chosen for time capsule inclusion. This hornpipe title refers to a dance specific to Britain in lively 3/4 time. Typical of Baroque
The playlist consists of three pieces from the Baroque and three pieces from the Classical era by composers who exemplify the characteristic traits of their respective eras. JS Bach: Toccata & Fugue in D Minor (1708) Url: http://www.rhapsody.com/search/track?…
It is our great pleasure to be among the first to open this capsule and examine how the contents reflect world events and cultural patterns of the time. Art Upon opening the time capsule I was immediately struck by the vibrant colors and powerful thematic structure of a painting.
These eras are rich in musical tradition and while it was a challenge to narrow the tracks down, the tracks that were selected were done so based on their historical importance, sonic qualities and continued and future relevance. The following six tracks selected are as follows.
From the period of Early Renaissance, an example of an item one can come across is a specimen depicting ‘The Crucifixion’. This could be tempera medium on wood probably drawn by the artist Konrad von Soest. Born at around 1370, this artist is credited for introducing paintings in ‘soft style’ of International Gothic.
It is vital to note that only special objects that could help to communicate about the way of life and culture of people in the past were included in the capsule. Some of the objects that were included include: photographs, letters, price tags of some special food package, currencies, magazine, toys to mention just but a few of the items included (Seibert, 2002).
This time capsule, in short, will contain items which are derivative; more specifically, the intellectual and artistic inspiration of the age being a sort of rebirth of classical learning and sources, we must be alert to objects which conform to these classical forms.
It has the honor ob being recognized as the most populous county in the State of Florida, and recognized as the eighth most populous county in the Country. Along with high population, the county is also
The second item is an audio cassette with a mixed collection of Bob Dylan songs. The third item is a collection photographs of young people (17 – early 30”s) attending what seems to be a concert. The fourth item is a tattered book identified as the
The one amazing thing about Othello is that the different ethnic profile of Othello allows the exploration of this character with regards to the implicit ethnic and racial implications and ramifications. The other
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