The main genres of the 17th – 18th centuries’ music are cantata and oratorio. The importance of secular music increased: it sounded at courts, in the salons of the aristocracy, in public theaters (the first such theaters were founded in the 17th century). Opera takes shape as a new kind of musical art.
New genres also emerged in instrumental music. Primarily we can talk about an instrumental concerto. The violin, harpsichord, organ gradually turned into solo instruments. Music, composed for them, made it possible to show not only the composers’ talent but also talent of the performing musicians. Virtuosity was valued most of all. It gradually became an end in itself for many musicians.
The composers of the 17th -18th centuries usually composed not only music, but also skillfully played instruments and were involved in teaching activities. Welfare of musicians and composers largely depended on a specific customer. As a rule, every serious musician sought a place at court of a monarch or a wealthy aristocrat (many noblemen had their own orchestras or opera houses) or in a church. And the majority of composers easily combined church services with music-making for their secular patrons.
Austria took the leading role in the development of musical culture in the 18th century. European opera, after two centuries of development, finally reached the pinnacle in the work of Viennese composers - Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714 - 1782) and Wolfgang Amedeo Mozart (1756 - 1791). Classical symphonic style and classical chamber music were created by an Austrian composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) and genius Mozart.
When people talk about classical music (in the sense of a certain movement, along with the Romantic Movement, Impressionism, etc.), they primarily have in mind the Viennese classical school, represented by Gluck, Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven in the 19th century. Creative works of Haydn and Mozart, sons of