Sonata form in Beethoven's piano sonatas

 Sonata form in Beethoven
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MASTER’S THESIS: (DEGREE AND DEPARTMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY) SONATA FORM IN BEETHOVEN’S PIANO SONATAS By Chentian Xu A Thesis submitted to the faculty of The University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts In Music (Department) (University) (Date) 1.0 Introduction The classical period began around 1775 and ended in 1825.


Initially, music domineered in courts and churches. Public concerts emerged in the music scene for enjoyment and entertainment for the commons. Developments in instrumental music made it equal and even at times superseded vocal music. Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven dominated composition of chorale music in the classical era. Advancement in music during the era was depicted in instrumental forms. The symphony, concerto, sonata and instrumental chamber music like the Beethoven string quartets became common.1 In the beginning of classical era, the harpsichord was replaced by the piano as a common keyboard instrument. Most composers used it to write most works including sonatas. The sonatas written had the same forms like those of symphonies, concertos and chamber works although they had three movements instead of four. Mozart’s piano sonatas were light and tuneful and therefore suited the piano that was available at that time. The piano model changed greatly from Mozart’s period to Beethoven’s time. Metal braces were added to the frame that permitted additional tension to the strings. This allowed the musical instrument to produce loud powerful sounds. Ludwig van Beethoven, a German, lived in the period of 1770 to 1827. He was a composer of instrumental music. ...
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