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Music as a World Phenomenon The History of Festival: Diwali is the most awaited and one of the most popular of the Hindu festivals. The actual meaning of Diwali in Hindi is the ‘rows of the lighted lamps’ (Source: BBC UK). It also known as the festival of lights because every house, every corner of the street and every shop is lighted with earthenware oil lamps.


Diwali is celebrated differently in different regions of India. For example, in northern India, Diwali is a mean to celebrate the return of Rama from Ayodhya after suffering in exile for fourteen years. It is celebrated to honour Rama’s victory against the defeat of Ravana. Similarly, in Gujrat, Diwali is celebrated to welcome the goddess of wealth which is known as Lakshmi in Hindi. In other parts such as Nepal, people celebrate the festival to remind themselves the victory of Krishna who was known for defeating evil king Narakaasura. Also in Bengal, Dewali holds a significant importance for them as a celebration associated with the goddess of Kali Mata. Traditional Activities: The typical traditional activities include: The cleaning of houses, streets, shops and all the public places. Buying and wearing new attires. Decorating every corner of the city with beautiful lights especially the Diyas. Cooking traditional foods especially the real festive meals. Exchanging gifts such as traditional sweets, valuable gold items for women and dresses such as Sari, dried fruits, toys for children. And last but not the least, displaying the magnificent fireworks to celebrate the real essence and charisma of Diwali. Traditional Music: Music and dance are an essential part of any Hindu festival. ...
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