It was labelled as an art form related to the poor and the uneducated owing to such features. But, hip-hop is a beautiful art form which talks about the miseries of the downtrodden and serve as stage for oppressed communities to voice their concern. What began as a music practice common among the economically underprivileged groups like the Latino's and the African-American's transcended into an art form, without national boundaries in a very short time.
History of Afro-Columbian Hip-Hop
Hip-Hop appeared in Columbia by late 1980's shortly after the art form had established itself as a distinguished sub-culture in the US. Los Generales R&R, an Afro-Columbian group is reported to be one of the first groups to entertain Columbian music lovers already mesmerized by MC Hammer and NWA. Los Generales broke up shortly after releasing their first CD. But, they were followed by groups like Gotas de Rap and La Etina in the early 1990's paving way for steady growth of Columbian hip-hop. Both the groups were known for expressing their social concerns through their lyrics, and adapting a very independent style which served as an inspiration for the development of later Columbian hip-hop style. Their experimentation was followed by Asilo 38 band which released famous albums like La Hoguera and La Descarga, by experimenting with new controversial sound. This gave way to Puerto Rican Reggaeton style music in Columbia for a short period. Hip-Hop revived its former glory again from 2006 through the contribution of groups like ChocQuibTown. Though there are several famous hip-groups, this paper will explore about five famous groups, Ghettos Clan, Flaco Flow y Melanina, Choc Quib Town, Carbono and Voodo SoulJhas.
Hip-Hop in Columbia is not just a regurgitation of US subculture. Columbian hip-hop has distinct African sounds, usage of local anecdotes, and several autochthonous music forms. Folklore based lyrics mixed with ethnic beats are very common in Columbian hip-hop. They proudly declare it a black genre of music owning to its wide usage of traditional African sounds, instruments, dresses and the dancing style mixed equally with modern rapping and sound mixing. Just like US, the marginal members of various poor communities got attracted to hip-hop in Columbia too. Many hip-hop bands were known to convey social messages though the language they used were very rough. The youngsters saw hip-hop as a medium to express their anger about various issues starting from corruption to violence. Identifying themselves as "el hip hop Colombiano" became honourable among the hip hop artists. This sub-culture bought about a long missing unity among various minority groups unifying themselves under common terms like "exploitation" and "suffering". Analysis of 5 Samples Choc Quib Town Choc Quib Town, is widely known as the group which played a major part in renaissance of hip-hip in Columbia. The group's album "Oro" was nominated for Grammy awards in 2011. Their album “Eso Es Lo Que Hay” became quite popular throughout the country. They try to represent the voices of the African descendents in the country through their music. Though nearly one third of the total Colombian population comprise the native African's or Black's, no art form has captured their roots and created a distinct cultural identity for them in the nation’