A number of health related issues arise at this age and their successful mitigation helps children develop normally into adolescent and adulthood. Without proper measure in place to address these health related issues, developmental problems may arise ranging from behavioural problems to physical and mental problems. This paper is going to look at a number of child health related problems such as childhood obesity and overweight issues, bullying, accidents and injuries, social network and the media, child abuse and neglect and the various interventions that could be employed to either prevent or lessen the impacts of these issues on school age children. Childhood obesity and overweight Last year, the Australia bureau of statistics reported the continued rise of childhood obesity over the last 40 years. The report indicated that the level of childhood obesity has increased substantially and is even projected to approach adult rates within 30 years. The report showed that 26.1% of children between the ages of 5-15 were overweight or obese in 2007-08. In 2009 the same was 26.5% making a 0.4% increase in one year (ABS, 2011). The report attributed this rise to sedentary pursuits which include watching television and playing computer games. In 2005 the world health organization reported that 20 million children under 5 years were overweight. Latest statistics by the World health organization also indicate that 40 million children under the age of five years are overweight or suffer from obesity in 2010. These statistics are quite alarming making the issue a global concern (WHO, 2012). Scholars argue that overweight and obesity in childhood especially in older children can lead to serious and severe obesity and weight issues in adulthood. They also say that childhood and adolescent obesity poses a higher risk of premature death and disability later on in life (Kumanyika & Brownson, 2007, p. 51). Literature also suggests children who are obese or overweight normally encounter several physical risks and are at a greater risk of social isolation. Such children also are at the risk of developing psychological disorders than those who are in a healthy weight range (Vichuda L Mathews, 2011, pp. 4-6: Justin, 2005, p.84). Research also indicates other consequences of overweight and obesity and these include the development of chronic conditions such as chronic respiratory problems such as sleep apnoea and breathlessness; chronic musculoskeletal problems such as lower back pains and osteoarthritis; gall bladder disease and impaired fertility and well as chronic cardiovascular problems (Dehghan, Akhtar-Danesh, & Merchant, 2005, p. 24). Scholars have proposed a number of strategies in which childhood obesity could be reduced. Such intervention measures have been in existence for quite some time now. Their application is case specific and some could still be applied to solve the problem generally. Telford et al. (2012, 371 )in their study found out that an appropriately designed and administered physical education program (PE) is capable of producing benefits for elementary school children by reducing the percentage increase of body fat but also led to significant enhancement of numeracy development. Other studies have also supported the idea of physical education in helping in the primary prevention of overweight and obesity. Davis et al. (2012, p. 243) in their study propose school based initiatives that include physical activity and also provide opportunities for physical education and recess programs as very important in the prevention of obesity. It is argued that physical activity helps reduce adiposity in
Research identifies that the most difficult stage in child development is the mid and later stages.Most school age children are between these ages and thus they are most affected by factors in the external environment…
According to an epidemiological research of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the actual rate of prevalence could be two to three times more than what is actually cited (3-5%) (Paule, et al., 2000). Besides, from the data it was concluded that there is a frequent occurrence of under as well as over diagnosis.
This essay aims to outline the health problems caused by the obesity and why it should be addressed as soon as possible. Statistics show more than 300,000 deaths in the United States each year are directly attributed to the adverse effects of obesity. One-fourth of all Caucasian American children were considered to be overweight.
These mental disorders call for some immediate community level mental health interventions like campaigns for the assessment of depression, emotional and behavioral illness, psychotherapy and promotional strategies development at community level to cope with the stress and its related conditions.
Sensory integration (SI) is a specialty field of occupational treatment that is based on more than forty years of theory and research. The expression sensory integration refers to: The manner the brain systematizes sensations for involvement in occupation (Bundy, Lane & Murray, 2002); A hypothesis founded on neuroscience that gives perspective for understanding the sensory scopes of human conduct; A model for appreciating the means in which sensation influences development; Assessments comprising standardized assessments, organized observation, and teacher or parent interviews that recognize patterns of SI dysfunction; Intervention approaches that improves information processing, praxis, and
The author analyses different researches regarding this issue, causes and consequences of obesity and how to prevent it. A survey in a South Florida elementary school reveals the Body Mass Index percentiles of a sample size of 502 elementary students, out of which, 183 children are obese, and 86 are overweight.
This is particularly a problem in the United States as younger generations become increasingly sedentary. Video games, television and computer use coupled with the need of many families to keep their children safe by requiring them to remain indoors after school
Mental health status of an individual affects his/her daily life, physical health and the relationship lives. Mental health also affects an individual’s ability to attain a balance between the activities of life and personal efforts that help in achieving psychological resilience. There are increasing numbers of people being diagnosed with mental problems.
Sex education is a tool that aims at providing parents, youths and children with the current and the factual information in order to promote healthy sexuality in societies. This helps in combating sexual health issues such as
The expression sensory integration refers to: The manner the brain systematizes sensations for involvement in occupation (Bundy, Lane & Murray, 2002); A hypothesis founded on neuroscience that gives perspective for understanding the sensory scopes of human
9 pages (2250 words)Research Paper
Hire a pro to write a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you an essay for FREE
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com