This attitude towards such patients was largely influenced by the fact that most of these nurses lacked the required training and education needed to assess the patients' care needs and generate appropriate and timely responses. They were found to be largely ignorant regarding the gravity of the issue which resulted in a negative attitude towards the patients of self-harm. Furthermore it was also observed during the part of the study that the attitudes of other health care professionals such as doctors were relatively more positive as compared to that of the nurses working in the A&E department. This could be attributed to the fact that the doctors had extensive experience and knowledge regarding the matter and were highly aware of the care and treatment needs of such patients. This paper includes a comprehensive discussion of the literature reviewed particularly with regard to the three key factors i.e., attitudes of nurses working in A&E department towards the patient of self-harm; attitude of emergency staff and healthcare professionals; and the development of measurement tools and effective management policies; to address the key concerns highlighted during the study. The key objective of this study was to understand, assess and examine the attitudes of nurses, and healthcare professionals towards the patients of self-harm and determine the various development and measurement tools as well as management policies that can be implemented to enhance service delivery and effectiveness of the nurses as well as to improve health outcomes for the patients. The literature also assesses the various reasons behind patients indulging in self-harm and highlights the need to provide mental health care to such patients. It also stresses the significance of providing education intervention to nurses in the A&E department in order to ensure better service delivery and prompt response on the part of the nurses as well as the healthcare professionals. The key aim of this study was to understand the attitudes of nurses in the A&E department and other healthcare professionals towards patients of self-harm. In order to achieve this objective it is important to understand the fundamental factors that drive the patients towards self-harm as well as the basic definition and meaning of the term. The literature reviewed as a part of this course described the concept of self-harm in fairly uniform manner. The terms self-harm / injury are used interchangeably throughout the literature, to describe the various ways in which individuals deliberately harm themselves. Such individuals are described as having para-suicidal tendencies and are at the most risk of causing serious injury to them. The concept of self-harm was coined by Kreitman et al. (1969: 746) and was used to describe situations wherein an individual simulates or mimics suicide through acts which can prove to be potentially fatal and cause serious harm or injury to themselves in the process. According to Brophy (2006 qtd. in McAllister 2838) the term is used to refer to people who have suicidal tendencies and indulge in self-harming behaviour such as consuming poison, cutting or slashing of one's wrists, drug overdose, and at times hanging or banging their heads, or even pulling one's own hair. Hawton et al. (2002) states that a significant proportion of patients of self-harm choose self-poisoning as a method to harm themselves however various other widely observed methods used by such patients include laceration, burning as well as
Self harm: Discussion of research papers The review of literature on the attitudes of nurses towards patients of self-harm, conducted as a part of this study helped me in understanding the scope and extent of the problem and its likely impact on the patient's health outcomes…
The adolescents have challenges as they grow. They struggle to overcome stress that is accumulated from school, peer groups and family. Some result in self-harm. Self-harm involves hurting oneself by burning, taking unsafe substances, cutting the body, pulling the hair and piercing the body.
Most of those who engage in self-harm are young people and they do so by stopping short of killing themselves, which makes this particular behavior distinct from suicide. Unlike suicide, whose motivations have been long understood by experts as utter hopelessness and despair, there is no easy way to explain the psychodynamic of self-harm.
In his book, Porter listed down three generic strategies - overall cost leadership, differentiation, or focus - and suggested that the organisation concentrate its activities on one.
By highlighting two of Porter's three generic strategies, Mintzberg and Waters set the tone for the debate when they argued that "deliberate strategy is seriously limited, and that the process needs to be viewed from a wider perspective so that the variety of ways in which strategies actually take shape can be considered" (p.
Self harm usually happens when one cuts, abuses the usage of drugs or other substances such as alcohol, punches, hits, tears, scratches, chokes, bites, burns one's own self or inhales harmful or toxic substances.
The habit of self harming grows with time.
Some argue that the courts usually concentrate on the fact that criminals could have committed the crimes without motive rather that basing judgment on the types of the crimes that are committed. This is true in most cases since the establishment of the courts also had in mind that felons could be corrected, guided and counselled and hence focused on this more that taking punitive measures.
Such behaviours need to be addressed by carers in fostering agencies in order to affectively assist such children in dealing with and overcoming such destructive behavior.
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Managers wishing to become better leaders need to understand their impact on the subordinates as well as the personal characteristics and qualities that contribute to the impact. Gaining knowledge on the impact guides managers on the context and purpose for the choices
The difference between deliberate strategies and emergent strategies is primarily of duration; while deliberate strategies are formed by assuming, analyzing, and foreseeing the national and international factors that affect
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