Sexually Transmitted Disease in Miami 2011 - 2012 Name Institutional Affiliation Abstract Sexually Transmitted Disease in Miami 2011 - 2012 Demography Characteristics of Miami Dade Miami Dade County is reportedly the “largest metropolitan area in the State of Florida, representing 13.5% of the State’s population, and the eighth largest county in the Nation” (2013 PRC Miami-Dade County Community Health Needs Assessment Household Survey Report, 2013, p…
In addition, married-couple family type also comprised as much as 64.4% of the total population in 2012; while there were a total 48.8% households with one or more people under the age of 18 (Dept. of Regulatory and Economic Resources; Economic Analysis and Policy, 2013). The map of Miami Dade County is presented as Appendix 1; while the Dade Population Characteristics as of 2011 is presented as Appendix 2. Sexually Transmitted Disease Statistics Statistics on sexually transmitted disease in Miami Dade have revealed that the health dilemma is a growing concern for health officials in Florida and in the country. As published in the Huffington Post, “statistics from the Florida Department of Health show which of the state's 67 counties have had the most and least number of new cases of sexually transmitted diseases gonorrhea, chlamydia, and infectious syphilis over the three-year-period between 2009 and 2011” (Florida STD Rates: Best And Worst Counties For Gonorrhea, Chlamydia And Syphilis , 2013). It was also revealed that Miami Dade actually ranks among the highest in terms of exhibiting the new AIDS cases in the country. The HIV/Aids Surveillance Report published by the Miami-Dade County Health Department shows the number of cases by gender and year from 2000 to 2012, and shown as Appendix 3. The statistics show that there is an average number of AIDS cases does not go below the 600 cases per annum level; and exhibits an erratic pattern where there are evident increases and decreases over the last few years. Likewise, Appendix 4 shows Total Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Infectious Syphilis over the Period 2009 to 2011, for Miami Dade with comparative data for the whole of Florida. This figure shows that the rates had been increasing for gonorrhea, chlamydia, and infectious syphilis since 2004 and the Miami Dade rates parallel the rates shown for the whole of Florida. Concurrently, the report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention regarding the survey conducted among the youth of Miami Dade to monitor Youth Risk Behavior has revealed the following important results: “47% ever had sexual intercourse. 8% had sexual intercourse for the first time before age 13 years. 16% had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life 33% had sexual intercourse with at least one person during the 3 months before the survey. 32% did not use a condom during last sexual intercourse. 93% did not use birth control pills or Depo-Provera (or any injectable birth control), Nuva Ring (or any birth control ring), implanon (or any implant), or any IUD before last sexual intercourse. 22% were never taught in school about AIDS or HIV infection” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d., p. 1). Nursing Diagnosis, Planning, and Interventions From the information and statistics that were provided, obviously, the rate of sexually transmitted diseases in Miami Dade have been on an increasing trend. Using the results from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, it could likewise be deduced that unprotected sex accounts for contracting these diseases; as well as the lack of formal knowledge taught in school about AIDS or HIV. The report from the CDC indicated that “ ...
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Women aged 15 to 19 years have the highest reports of chlamydia and gonorrhea compared with women in other age groups, and women who contract human papillomavirus (HPV) infection typically do so in the early adolescent years (Wasik,78). Women, especially young women, are disproportionately affected by STDs and their consequences and their consequences (Eng & Butler).
HIV affects its victims by rendering their immune system weak or ineffective. In fact, the immune system becomes so weak that many infections start attacking the victims. AIDS diagnosis is done when these attacking diseases worsen. Although HIV/AIDS can be treated, no cure has been discovered (Beletsky et al., 2011).
Florida ranks among the leading States with highest number of reported AIDS cases and Congenital syphilis. Sexually transmitted diseases like Gonorrheal infections, HIV, Chlamydia, and Herpes are spread through sexual activity or body fluids (National Coalition of STD Directors, 2013).
More than half of all people will be infected with an STD at some point in their lifetime." (ASHA) When you combine these figures with those of HIV/AIDS cases in the US, one would get to see how immense the problem is
The imminent STD problem in the United States is the result of a combination of various factors.
In today's world young people are becoming sexually active at a younger age, which has led to the increased vulnerability of these teens to the contraction of STIs. The statistics show that approximately 3 million teens will end up with a STI, that is 1 in 4 sexually active youths, and about 15% of sexually active teen girls will become infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV) that can lead to cervical cancer (www.iwannaknow.org, 2006).
CDC Fact sheet) do not have any symptoms. Symptoms include abnormal vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, lower back pain and burning sensation when urinating. Nausea, pain during intercourse, fever and bleeding between periods may also be seen. It is diagnosed by laboratory tests using culture or non culture techniques such as nucleic acid amplification test on samples from the endocervix or urine (Miller, 2006).
Research has shown that statistics about STD infections among youths are alarming in the USA. Thus according to a journal article by Josephine Polifroni entitled, ‘STD Facts: Chlamydia in teens’ (2008), “Chlamydia is the most common STD reported in the US and one of the leading causes of infertility.”
mination, judgment, being ridiculed and ostracism or social stigma along with the fear of getting negative behaviors and attitudes from people whom they love and depend on. “Victims do not discriminate but people around them do” (Tomaszewski 2012). Sufferers of STI are most
How is syphilis transmitted: Syphilis is mainly spread through sexual intercourse, including anal and oral sex. The disease may occasionally be transmitted through close bodily contact with a syphily sore: Sores may be located in the vagina, penis,
The author states that in the United Kingdom, sexually transmitted infections are a public health concern especially among young sexually active persons particularly those aged between 15 and 25 years. According to Public Health England (2015), there were 440,000 diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections in England.
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