Preoperative hair removal is one of the risk factors associated with surgical site infection frequency. Orsi, Ferraro and Franchi (2005) discovered that hair removal using razor has a higher risk of surgical site infections. The use of clipping or depilatory creams is considered to be a better option. Furthermore, hair removal should be carried out immediately before surgery in order to decrease the risk of SSI. Tanner, Woodings and Moncaster (2006) also tested the hypothesis that preoperative hair removal is the cause of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients. However, the results demonstrated no dissimilarity in SSI between patients who have had undergone hair removal before surgery and those who have not. This study also supported the view that removal of hair using depilatory creams or clipping results in a few cases of SSI as compared to hair removal by with the help of a razor. Duggal , Beaumont and Jenkinson (2002) assert that it is essential to prevent and control infection in order to promote a safe environment which is a chief requirement of health care expert during clinical practice. Patients who are hospitalized are more likely to develop infections which can be due to organ transplantation, persistent procedures, immune suppressive drugs, etc. Damani (2003) states that nosocomial infections are the outcome of microbial growth in health care settings and negligence in procedures of infection control along with a weakened immunity system of patients. Bdareen (2011) explains that a study by WH shows high rates of nosocomial infections in ICUs and orthopedic and surgical wards. The common infections acquired in hospitals are urinary tract infection, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, skin and soft tissue disease, septicemia and infection of the lower respiratory tract. Widespread organisms are the general cause of most nosocomial infections. For instance, coliforms are the cause of urinary tract infections, S.aureus is the reason behind wound infections, pneumonia is due to S.pneumonae and the most serious and fatal septicemia is due to S.aureus, S.epidermidis and coliforms. Hospital-Acquired versus Community-Acquired Bacteria. Online image. Available from
According to Harvard Medical Study,surgical lesion infection is the second largest type of unfavorable events.Mistakes during administration of some antibiotic prophylaxis before surgery has resulted in certain infections during some postoperative procedures …
This paper describes the Surgical Checklist of World Health Organization as an aspect of intraoperative care. The paper also highlights how this aspect of intraoperative care may be enhanced through educational, managerial and health care practice changes so that quality patient care is enhanced in surgical settings.
These infections cause discomfort to the patient and hinder the recovery process and in severe cases may even cause death.As the cost of treatment also increases,the hospital acquired infections are actually a burden on the government as well.The extended stay of the patient results in the loss of work thereby depleting his/her financial resources.
There are various safety issues that have been identified as a result of such infections. The risks factors are many both human and system and therefore necessitating a closer look at them (NICE, 2008.) The joint commission released its 2010 National Patient Safety Goals and among them is goal number seven that aims to reduce the risk of healthcare-associated infections.
The effects of infection on various parts of our human physique vary depending upon the microorganisms that attack and the state of resistivity of the immune system.According to Hans C J Gram, a Danish bacteriologist in 1800’s many bacterial infections are grouped either as G+ or G - depending on the type of bacteria that caused them.
However, most patients are admitted the day before surgery according to prearranged plans made by the surgeon. Often much of the testing necessary on admission to the hospitals is completed prior to admission. The patient's physical condition should be assessed and a complete orientation to the unit should be given.
On one hand one is away from home and family and on the other hand hospitals tend to give most people the jitters. Hence it is not surprising that once admitted into the hospital patients feel depressed and lonely. It is the duty of the hospital staff to make sure that patients stay mentally strong and happy.
Numerous treatment modalities have been used for the ailment which aim either at destroying warts with chemical agents (topical irritants like salicylic acid, cantharidin, podophyllum resin), anti viral drugs,
Patient has a history of mild fungal infections of the feet and one pediculosis infestation as a child, and reports recent diaphoresis; this last symptom is most likely related to patients pubescent status.
22). In other words, predicting the success of a new product was an intricate process as it required manual entry of data linked with previous monthly preparations into a computer for analysis. This took a lot of time. This meant that Meditech failed to store
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