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Asthma and medicine management - Essay Example
Pages 11 (2761 words)
Pathophysiology of asthma and pharmacology of drugs for the treatment of asthma Introduction Asthma is a disorder that will turn out to be a life-threatening condition if it is not treated and controlled appropriately. The following are the important points in relation to the pathophysiology of different asthmatic conditions and pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the drugs meant for the treatment of asthma with reference to the case scenario presented…
It is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) which is a long-term pulmonary disease characterized by increased airflow resistance. Other types of COPD include chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 2) Incidence of asthma and implications of this. There are an estimated 234.9 million people affected by Asthma worldwide of which 28.8 million are in Europe and about 5.4 million are in the U.K. Incidence of new cases occurs mostly in children. In England about 64,000 hospital admissions took place for asthma in 2008/09. Globally 287000 deaths occurred in 2004 and there were 1034 deaths in England and Wales due to asthma in 2008 (Ward, Toledano, Shaddick, Davies, & Elliot, 2012). (NICE, 2013). 3) What are the common signs and symptoms of asthma? Common symptoms are wheezing, breathlessness, tightness in the chest, and cough. These symptoms can be worse at night and in early morning. They can arise after exercise, allergen exposure and cold air (Meerabeau & Wright, 2011). 4) Pathophysiology of asthma and relation to the case scenario. ...