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Evaluating practice through theories and models
Pages 16 (4016 words)
It was not until the 19th century that the practice of nursing was forever changed by Florence Nightingale who founded modern nursing (Klainberg 2010). Her nursing principles (i.e., environmental theory, holistic nursing), her astounding leadership, and her global actions led to the institution of decent standards for nursing care, helped systematise the approach to health care, and ushered in the professionalization of nursing care (Dossey 2005; Umali-Hernandez 2011).
These nursing theories essentially provide the scientific bases for the claim that nursing is not only an art but also a science (Parker 2010). In this essay, three nursing theories will be analysed and criticised purposely to understand and learn how to effectively use these theories in everyday nursing practices. Then, Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit theory will be applied to a case study (see Appendix 1). Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring The Theory of Human Caring, according to Watson (2000), was developed between 1975-1979 as her initial attempt to distinguish nursing from other health professions by combining the seemingly irreconcilable concepts of science and caring. She also regards her theory as “a humanistic approach to nursing that emphasizes human-to-human responsiveness rooted in upholding humanistic values” (Kim 2006, p.301), as she pays attention not only on patients but also on nurses, believing that both are interconnected. Watson (2000, p. ...
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