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Cardiovascular disease in women: Implications for improving health outcome
Pages 28 (7028 words)
Abstract This study set out to critically review studies discussing cardiovascular diseases in women and the implications relating to improvements of their health outcomes. This study evaluated different studies using specific inclusion criteria, mostly covering studies in the UK and on CVD risks relating to women past their menopausal age.
Interventions in improving health outcomes relate include hormone replacement therapy, the use of low-dose aspirin, and lifestyle changes including exercise and diet changes in order to reduce BMI, waist circumference and overall reduce the risks for CVD among these women. In critically evaluating these studies, more large-population randomized controlled trials are needed in order to compare therapies and interventions in the management of CV risks among menopausal women. Through these studies, the best and most appropriate interventions can be applied in order to improve the health outcomes for all women. Cardiovascular disease in women: Implications for improving health outcome Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular diseases are considered the major cause of mortality among men and women, not just in the UK, but in the larger global community as well (World Heart Federation Organization, 2012). Based on 2004 statistics alone, for Europe, these cardiovascular diseases represents about 55% of total female deaths, mostly for diseases like coronary artery disease and stroke (WHO, 2004). Despite these significant figures, however, the issue of heart disease among women is often underestimated especially due to the view of women not susceptible to ischaemic heart disease. ...
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