Adult and Child Mortality Rates in Angola Name: Institution: Introduction Angola is situated along the western shoreline of Sub-Sahara Africa. With an area of more than one million square kilometers, Angola is one of Africa’s largest nations. The country had a populace of approximately 19 million people based on the most recent census…
Selection of Angola for this analytical study was based on the fact that, the nation has the necessary resources to improve its healthcare system, yet it is one among several African nations with the highest rates of mortality and morbidity. The country also experiences acute shortage of human resources in the health sector, especially nurses. This research paper attempts to give insight into the current state of Angola’s health system, by considering responsible government institutions, healthcare delivery, nursing education and accreditation, and roles that nurses can play to aid in improvement of the country’s health outcomes. Government Angola is a republic, meaning that its government is chosen by the electorate. The country currently has a stable executive government framework. The president is usually a leader of the coalition or party that gets the highest number of votes in the National Assembly (NA) elections. The president heads the executive branch of government and he or she may serve one or two five-year terms. It is also the president who nominates provincial governors. These governors then elect district administrators for further devolution of resources (UNICEF, 2008). State of Health Angola’s state of health is currently among the worst around the world, as shown by high infant mortality rate at about 154 deaths for every 1,000 newly born babies, and a mortality rate of 260 deaths for every 1,000 kids under the age of five. The country also has a diminished life expectancy of 40 years (USAID, 2010). These shocking statistics are attributable to widespread prevalence of malaria, acute respiratory diseases like pneumonia, diarrheal diseases like cholera, malnutrition and tetanus, coupled with inadequate access to healthcare. The high rate of mortality in Angola is accentuated by the nation’s lack of properly trained healthcare professionals and infrastructure damaged during the civil war. Another significant fact to denote is the high maternal mortality rate, estimated to be 1,700 for every 100,000 births (WHO, 2010). This exceedingly high proportion can be attributed to prevalence of malaria and hepatitis, among other pregnancy-linked conditions which are left untreated. Angola is also facing several communicable ailments like sleeping sickness, tuberculosis and leprosy. Nonetheless, malaria is the greatest cause of mortality in the country, with approximately 35 percent of reported annual deaths being as a result of this disease (Costa Mendes et al., 2013). Culture and Traditional Medicine In Angola, adoption of traditional medicine and healing practices can be traced back about four millennia. The fundamental assertion that underlies traditional medicine in the country is that, it developed from experimental observation of the manner in which man reacted to certain environmental triggers. Traditional medicine is no longer extensively practiced in Angola due to adoption of modern medicine and because about 56 percent of the populace lives in urban areas. However, people in rural areas still believe in traditional medicine and many consume purported healing portions (Connor, Averbug & Miralles, 2010). Healthcare System and Delivery Healthcare service delivery in Angola faces acute human resource issues, especially shortage and lack of qualification among care providers. There are also widespread cases ...
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Because of that, parents adopted an increasingly careful attitude apropos their children. The upsurge of capitalism encouraged free choice in the selection of partner for marriage. The industrial revolution also played a significant role in dwelling romantic love as individuals moved out of their family businesses to find work in the developing towns and cities.
Some of the recent reports and studies have illustrated the piece of information that the infant mortality rate worldwide especially in the US region has experienced a substantial and considerable downfall over the past few decades. This is due to the rise in the education, research and developments of treatments for different health abnormalities and the advancement in medical technologies around the globe (Corr & Balk, 2010).
In the name of a more luxurious and comfortable life, human beings have reduced physical activity and subjugated themselves to machines. The degrading environmental factor also plays a significant role in determining our health status and affects our choice of nutritious diets.
According to Alderman and Behrman, “Infant mortality rate (IMR), a measure of child survival, is considered to be one of the strongest indicators of a country’s wellbeing, as it reflects social, economic and environmental conditions in which children (and others in society) live, including their health care”.
Australia followed suit with an obesity prevalence of 67.4% and the United Kingdom culminated with a prevalence of 61%. In England, it was reported that in 2008, 25% of women and 24% of men above the ages of 16 were obese as they had a BMI of 30kg/m2 and above.
This was a Fight between the (MPLA), People`s Movement for the Liberation of Angola, which was led by Jose DOS SANTOS, and the (UNITA), National Union for Total Independence of Angola, which was also led by Jonas SAVIMBI (James, 2004). Location The Republic of Angola is Southern African country and it borders the South Atlantic Ocean to the north.
This makes it a good study resource for the analysis for high mortality rate. The economy of a country, political stability and its demography are directly related to population growth thus the provision of medical care as well as earth services. High mortality rate is influenced by poor medical services and economic instability of a particular state.
When we talk of primary health care, what is it that we actually mean Before we go into the details, there is a need to understand the wider significance of the term with the health sector. The paper has been divided into the following sections which would help us in understanding the topic better.